Surat Al-Mursalat

  بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ   وَالْمُرْسَلَاتِ عُرْفًا ﴿١﴾   [Al-Mursalat 77:1] I (Allah) make adjuration by the Winds, sent forth one after another for the benefit of mankind, Allah makes adjuration by the Winds, sent forth one after another like the mare of a horse for the benefit of mankind; It was said that the angels are the ones sent forth with the known orders and prohibitions,   فَالْعَاصِفَاتِ عَصْفًا ﴿٢﴾   [Al-Mursalat 77:2] And by the raging hurricanes that blow violently tempestuous Gusts, And by the raging hurricanes that blow violently in tempestuous Gusts; and it was said the angels raging with the souls of the blasphemers,   وَالنَّاشِرَاتِ نَشْرًا ﴿٣﴾   [Al-Mursalat 77:3] And by the Winds that scatter...

Surat Al-Insan

  بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ    هَلْ أَتَىٰ عَلَى الْإِنسَانِ حِينٌ مِّنَ الدَّهْرِ لَمْ يَكُن شَيْئًا مَّذْكُورًا ﴿١﴾   [Al-Insan 76:1] There surely came over man a time when he was not created or existed for an unmentioned duration. What is meant by man here is Prophet Adam, may peace be upon him; and it was said the entire people. And it was said the son of Adam. And what is meant by the span of time is the duration until the soul was blown into his body. Prior to the soul being blown into his body man did not remember anything or recognize anything, and did not know his name or what was intended for him.   إِنَّا خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ مِن نُّطْفَةٍ أَمْشَاجٍ نَّبْتَلِيهِ فَجَعَلْنَاهُ سَمِيعًا بَصِيرًا ﴿٢﴾     [Al-Insan 76:2]...

Surat Al-Qiyamah

  بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ    لَا أُقْسِمُ بِيَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ ﴿١﴾   [Al-Qiyamah 75:1] Indeed I (Allah) do make adjuration by Al Qiyamah-the day of resurrection. Indeed I (Allah) do make adjuration by al Qiyamah which is the Day of judgment to reflect its greatness; i.e. the day of resurrection and assembly is vitally a great matter.   وَلَا أُقْسِمُ بِالنَّفْسِ اللَّوَّامَةِ ﴿٢﴾   [Al-Qiyamah 75:2] And indeed I (Allah) do make adjuration by the self- reproaching soul that blames itself for the missed acts of obedience. Most of the scholars believe that this is a second adjuration. Allah makes adjuration by the self- reproaching soul. The self-reproaching soul has a dispraised connotation but when used in the context of...

Surat Al-Muddaththir

  بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ It was reported by Jaber about the prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, who said: “ I was on mount Hira’ when I heard Jibril calling O Muhammad you are the messenger of Allah. I looked right and left and could not see anyone so I looked up and there Jibril was sitting on a throne between heaven and earth. So I naturally got frightened and went back to Khadijah and told her wrap me, wrap me with clothes. Then Jibril came and recited surat al Muddaththir”. This was related by Bukhariyy and Muslim.   يَا أَيُّهَا الْمُدَّثِّرُ ﴿١﴾   [Al-Muddaththir 74:1] O you Muhammad who are wrapped up in your clothes! O you Muhammad who are wrapped up in clothes above the garment touching your body!   قُمْ فَأَنذِرْ...

Surat Al-Muzzammil

  بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ    يَا أَيُّهَا الْمُزَّمِّلُ ﴿١﴾   [Al-Muzzammil 73:1] O you Muhammad who have wrapped up in your garments! O you Muhammad who have wrapped up in your garments at night while asleep   قُمِ اللَّيْلَ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا ﴿٢﴾   [Al-Muzzammil 73:2] Rise to pray the night long, save a little,- Rise O Muhammad to pray the night long, save a little so your body would relax,- Lady ^A’ishah, as reported in Sahih Muslim,  said that at first the night prayer was obligatory until a year later after this order in this Surah was revealed.  As reported by al Hakim in al Mustadrak, ^A’ishah said they prayed as such for a year until their feet were swollen, then Allah revealed the latter part of the surah making the...

Surat Al-Jinn

  بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ   قُلْ أُوحِيَ إِلَيَّ أَنَّهُ اسْتَمَعَ نَفَرٌ مِّنَ الْجِنِّ فَقَالُوا إِنَّا سَمِعْنَا قُرْآنًا عَجَبًا ﴿١﴾    [Al-Jinn 72:1] Say O Muhammad to the people: It has been revealed to me that a handful of Jinns listened to my recitation of the Qur’an. They said to their own, ‘We have really heard a marvelous Recital of Qur’an! Say O Muhammad to your nation Allah has revealed to me that a group of 3 to 10 jinns—a creation whom Allah created from pure fire, unseen by people has listened to my recitation of the Qur’an. Upon their return to their people the jinns told them we heard from Muhammad a recitation of an eloquent Qur’an unparalleled in articulation, accurate meanings, and rich...

Surat Nuh

  بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ   إِنَّا أَرْسَلْنَا نُوحًا إِلَىٰ قَوْمِهِ أَنْ أَنذِرْ قَوْمَكَ مِن قَبْلِ أَن يَأْتِيَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ ﴿١﴾   [Nuh 71:1] We (Allah) sent Noah to warn his People and Command them to worship Allah: That is warn your people before there come upon them a painful punishment. Allah sent Prophet Nuh to call his people to worship Allah the Exalted and leave out worshipping the idols. Nuh is the first Prophet that was sent to the blasphemers but he is not absolutely the first prophet, rather the first prophet is Adam, peace be upon him. Allah ordered Nuh to scare them and warn them before the torture of Allah, in Hellfire in the Hereafter or drowning them by the flood, befalls them. It was said, warn them in...

Surat Al-Ma^arij

  بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ    سَأَلَ سَائِلٌ بِعَذَابٍ وَاقِعٍ ﴿١﴾   [Al-Ma^arij 70:1] An asker asked for the chastisement to befall the blasphemers; One of the blasphemers who is Annadr Ibn Al Harith said: “If this is the truth revealed unto you then let the sky shower stones upon us or let a torture befall us”, as mentioned in Surah Al Anfal,32. Or it could be the prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, supplicated to Allah for the torure may befall the blasphemers. Abu Ja^far, Nafi^ and Ibn ^Amir, they recited “sa’ala” without a “hamzah”.   لِّلْكَافِرِينَ لَيْسَ لَهُ دَافِعٌ ﴿٢﴾   [Al-Ma^arij 70:2] Inevitably upon the disbelievers, which none can avert, The torture was asked to befall the blasphemers. And it was said that...

Surat Al-Haqqah

  بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ   الْحَاقَّةُ ﴿١﴾   [Al-Haqqah 69:1] The sure Day of Judgment! Al-Haqqah means the Day of Judgment. It was called Haqqah  حاقة from the word al-Haqq ath-thabit الحق الثابت, that is the confirmed book. This means that the happening of the Day of Judgment is confirmed beyond doubt.   مَا الْحَاقَّةُ ﴿٢﴾   [Al-Haqqah 69:2] What is the sure Day of Judgment! Ma, is an article of interrogation posing the question “What is al-Haqqah?”. Knowing the truth of the Day of Judgment is not what is intended. Rather what is intended is magnifying its status and dire situation. Thereafter Allah expounded on its dire situations.   وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الْحَاقَّةُ ﴿٣﴾   [Al-Haqqah 69:3] O Muhammad, what...

Surat Al-Qalam

  بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ    ن ۚ وَالْقَلَمِ وَمَا يَسْطُرُونَ ﴿١﴾   [Al-Qalam 68:1] I (Allah) make adjuration by the Nun and by the pen with which the angels record the happenings that take place in this life and until the Day of Judgment. Ibn Kathir, Nafi^, Khalaf by the way of Warsh, Abu ^Amr, Hamzah, Hafs recited with enunciating the Nun; that is with removing the Idgham of the Nun with the waw of the adjuration. Ibn ^Amir, al Kisa’i, Shu^bah, Khalaf and Ya^qub recited with making Idgham of the the Nun with the waw of the adjuration. Nun. Allah knows best what He means by it and apparently it refers to the letter in the Arabic alphabet. Allah makes adjuration by the pen, due to the insurmountable benefits it presents, and by...