SHAYKH ^ABDULLAH AL-HARARIYY

He is the great ^alim  (Islamic scholar), an example of the ^ulama’ (Islamic scholars), al-‘Imam, al-Muhaddith, the pious worshipper, ash-Shaykh Abu ^Abdir-Rahman, ^Abdullah Ibn Muhammad Ibn Yusuf, al-Harariyy, ash-Shaybiyy, al-^Abdariyy, the Mufti of as-Sumal (Somalia).  He is al-Harariyy because he is from the city of Harar.  In 1887, as-Sumal was occupied and divided into five parts and the western province (Harar) was given to al-Habashah (Ethiopia).  He is ash-Shaybiyy because Banu Shaybah is a clan of Quraysh and they are the people in charge of al-Ka^bah.  He is al-^Abdariyy because he also belongs to ^Abd-ud-Dar, a clan of Qusayy Ibn Kilab, the fourth grandfather of Prophet Muhammad, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam. He was born in Harar around...

^ABD AL-QAHIR AL-BAGHDADI

 (d. 429) ^Abd al-Qahir ibn Tahir ibn Muhammad, Abu Mansur al-Naysaburi al-Tamimi al-Baghdadi al-Shafi^i al-Ash^ari (d. 429), al-Ustadh, the imam, jurist, scholar of principles and kalam, man of letters, poet, prosodist, grammarian, and mathematician, one of the imams of the principles of the Religion and foremost authorities of Islam by its most eminent and competent scholars. He is al-Bayhaqi’s senior and the exact contemporary of Abu Dharr al-Harawi and Abu Muhammad al-Juwayni among the third-generation Ash^ari imams. He came to Naysabur with his father and spent his entire fortune in support of the scholars of knowledge until he became able to teach in seventeen different disciplines. He was Abu Ishaq al-Isfarayini’s senior student. Abu Mansur...

Abu Al Hasan Al Ash^ariyy

(260 – 324 هـ.AH ) The Hafidh Ibn ^Asakir (571 AH) the author of the well known book of “Tarikh Dimashq) in his book “Tabyin Kadhib al Muftari fima nusiba ila al Imam Abi Al Hasan Al Ash^ariyy” wherein he mentioned some of his authored works and sayings, and defended and praised him at length, and when mentioning the lineage of Imam Al Ash^ariyy he said: “He is ^Aliyy the son of Isma^il the son of Ishaq the son of Salem the son of Isma^il the son of ^Abdullah the son of Musa the son of Bilal the son of Abu Burdah the son of Abu Musa Al Ash^ariyy the Companion of the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam.” Also Imam Taj Addin ^Abd Al Wahhab the son of Taqiyyuddin ^Aliyy the son of ^Abd Al Kafi As-Subki (771 AH) in his famous book (Tabaqat...

ABU YA^LA, Ahmad

210-307 H Al-Hafidh Ahmad bin ^Ali bin Al-Muthanna bin Yahya bin ^Isa bin Hilal At-Tamimi was born in Shawwal, 210 H. He authored AI-Musnad AI-Kabir and was considered as the scholar of Hadith (Muhaddith} of Al-Jazira. He was truthful, trustworthy, tolerant and religious. As-Sam^ani said, ‘I heard Isma^il bin Muhammad bin Al-Fadl Al-Hafidh say: ‘I read the Musnad of Al-^Adani, the Musnad of Ibn Mani^ and other Masanid, which are like rivers, but the Musnad of Abu Ya^la is like the sea into which all the rivers flow’.’ Abu Ya^la died in the year 307 H.

ABU HATIM AR-RAZI

B 195 H Abu Hatim, Muhammad bin Idris bin Al-Mundhir Al-Handhali Ar-Razi was born in the year 195 H. He was an eminent Hafidh and an Imam and one of the prominent scholars who excelled in the methodology of Hadith. He was also one of the most respected scholars in the knowledge Al-Jarh wat-Ta^dil (verifying the reliability and unreliability of the narrators of the Hadith).

ABU DAWUD

220-275 H Abu Dawud, Sulaiman bin Al-Ash^ath bin Ishaq Al-Azdi As-Sijistani, who was one of the eminent Imam of Hadith, was born in 202H. He studied Hadith under Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal along with Al-Bukhari and taught many of the later scholars of Hadith, like At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i. Though Abu Dawud collected 500,000 Hadith, he compiled 4,800 Hadith only in his book entitled As-Sunan, which he taught in Baghdad and other major cities at that time. He died at Basra on Friday in the month of Shawwal 275 H. Sunan Abu Dawud has been translated to English.

^ABDUL-HAQ bin ^Abdur-Rahman

510-581 H Abu Muhammad, ^Abdul-Haq bin ^Abdur-Rahman bin ^Abdullah bin Husain bin Sa^ id Al-Azdi Al-Ishbili was born in 510 H. He was a Hafidh and an authority in the knowledge of Hadith. He resided in Bijaya in Spain where he spread his knowledge and authored books. He was famous and a celebrated ^Alim (scholar) and was appointed as the Khatib of Bijaya. He was a Jurisprudent (Faqih) and knowledgeable in the methodology of the Hadith, its weak ones and the history of the Hadith narrators. He was also described to be virtuous, pious and a strict follower of the Sunnah. He also took interest in the arts and recited poetry. ^Abdul-Haq died in Bijaya in Rabi^-ul-Akhirah, 581 H.

IBN^ABDUL-BARR, Yusuf

368-463 H Abu ^Umar, Yusuf bin ^Abdullah bin Muhammad bin ^Abdul-Barr bin ^Asim An-Namari Al-Qurtubi was born in Rabi^-ul-Akhirah, 368 H. He was a celebrated learned Imam and was the Sheikh-ul-lslam and Hafidh of Al-Maghrib (North West Africa). He was considered as the master of his time in the memorization and accurate rendering of the Hadith. He was also skilled in the science of genealogy and history. Ibn Hazm said, I cannot talk about the knowledge of the Hadith like ^Abdul-Barr, so how can I do better than him? He has authored many books, the most famous of which is Al-Isti^ab. Ibn ^Abdul-Barr died on a Friday in Rabi^-ul-Akhirah, 463 H. At the age of 95 years.

ABU ZUR^AH AR-RAZI

200-264H ^Ubaidullah bin ^Abdul-Karim bin Yazid bin Farukh, Abu Zur^ah Ar-Razi Al-Qurashi by clientship was a Hafidh and an eminent scholar of the Hadith. He was also considered among the Imam of ‘Al-Jarh wat-Ta^dil (the critical study of the Hadith narrators). Muslim, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa’i, Ibn Majah and others narrated Hadith from him. Adh-Dhahabi said, ‘Many people heard Hadith from him in Al-Haramain, Iraq, Ash-Sham, Al-Jazira, Khurasan, and Egypt.’ He was also well acclaimed for his memorization, brightness, piousness, sincerity, knowledge and the good application of his knowledge. Abu Zur^ah Ar-Razi died towards the end of 264 H. At the age of 64 years.

IBN ^ADIYY, ^Abdullah

279-365 H Abu Ahmad, ^Abdullah bin ^Adiyy Al-Jurjani was born in 279 H.He was a famous Imam, an eminent Hafidh and one of the celebrated scholars (^Ulama) . He was also nicknamed Ibn Al-Qisar. Ibn ^Adiyy died in Jumada-ul-Akhirah, 365 H.

AHMAD (Ibn Hanbal)

164-241 H He is Abu ^Abdullah, Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Hanbal Ash-Shaibani, known by the name Ibn Hanbal. He was a celebrated theologian, jurist and a Hadith scholar. He is also one of the four Imams of Fiqh. Imam Ahmad was born at Baghdad in Rabi^-ul-‘ula, 164 H. He studied the Hadith and Fiqh together with other Islamic disciplines in Baghdad, then travelled to Ash-Sham and Hijaz for further studies. He was persecuted during the rule of Al-Ma’mun bin Harun Ar-Rashid for refusing to acknowledge the Bid^ah (innovation) introduced by the Mu^ tazilah of claiming that the Qur’an (the Eternal and Everlasting Kalam-Speech of Allah) was created.. He however, stood firm against all the trials and saved the Sunnah from the innovation of the wretched Mu...

AT-TABARANI

260-360 H Abul-Qasim, Sulaiman bin Ahmad bin Ayyub bin Mutair Al-Lakhmi At-Tabarani was born in 260 H. in Tabariya As-Sham. He was an authoritative Imam and narrated Hadith from more than one thousand scholars. He left Ash-Sham to acquire the knowledge of Hadith and spent thirty-three years of travelling in its pursuance. He authored many interesting and amusing books, among them are Al-Mu^jam Al-Kabir, Al-Mu^am Al-Awsat, and Al-Mu^jam As-Saghir. At-Tabarani lived in Asfahan and died there on 27th Dhul-Qa^dah, 360 H.

SA^ID bin Mansur Al-Marwazi

D 227 H Sa^id bin Mansur bin Shu^bah Al-Marwazi or At-Taliqani then Al-Balkhi lived near Makkah. He authored the book As-Sunan. Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal praised him immensely. Harb Al-Karmani said, ‘He (Sa^id) dictated to me about ten thousand Hadith from his memory.’ Sa^id bin Mansur died in Makkah in Ramadan 227 H, while in his nineties.

^ABDUR-RAZZAQ bin Humam

D 211 H Abu Bakr, ^Abdur-Razzaq bin Humam bin Nafi^ Al-Himyari (by clientship) As-San^ani was considered as one of the strongholds of knowledge. Ahmad, Ishaq, Ibn Ma^in and Adh-Dhuhli narrated Hadith from him. He became blind in his old age and became senile. ^Abdur-Razzaq died in 211 H. At the age of 85 years.

IBN AL-QATTAN, ^Ali

562-628 H Abul-Hasan, ^Ali bin Muhammad bin ^Abdul-Malik Al-Fasi was born in Qurtuba in Spain in 562 H. And lived in Fas in Morocco. He was a Hafidh, an Imam and a learned critic of the Hadith methodology. Moreover, he was more knowledgeable about the Hadith methodology and the mastery of the names and history of the narrators of the Hadith than anyone else of his time. He also authored many books and died in Rabi^-ul-Awwal, 628 H.

ABU NU^AIM, Al-Asfahani

334-430 H Ahmad bin ^Abdullah bin Ahmad bin Ishaq bin Musa bin Mahran Al-Asfahani was born in Rajab 334 H. He was a famous Hafidh, one of the eminent Muhaddithin and one of the great Huffadh. He studied under the celebrated scholars and himself taught many virtuous ^Ulama. He authored many books, among them Al-Mustakhraj ^Ala Al-Bukhari, and Al-Mustakhraj ^Ala Muslim and Hulyat-ul-Awliya’, which is one of the best books. It is said that when he took it to Nishapur, it sold for four hundred Dinar. Al-Asfahani died in Safar or 20th Muharram, 430 H. at-Asfahan.

AN-NASA’I

215-303 H Abu ^Abdur-Rahman Ahmad bin ^Ali bin Shu^aib bin ^Ali Al-Hafidh was born in 215H. In Nisa’, a city in Khurasan. He became famous for the study of the methodology of Hadith, memorizing and mastering it. His book known as Sunan An-Nasa’i is third to Sahih Al-Bukhari in terms of containing the least weak Hadith. He lived in Egypt then moved to Damascus in Syria and died in Makkah in the year 303 H.

^ABDUL-HAQ bin ^Abdur-Rahman

510-581 H Abu Muhammad, ^Abdul-Haq bin ^Abdur-Rahman bin ^Abdullah bin Husain bin Sa^ id Al-Azdi Al-Ishbili was born in 510 H. He was a Hafidh and an authority in the knowledge of Hadith. He resided in Bijaya in Spain where he spread his knowledge and authored books. He was famous and a celebrated ^Alim (scholar) and was appointed as the Khatib of Bijaya. He was a Jurisprudent (Faqih) and knowledgeable in the methodology of the Hadith, its weak ones and the history of the Hadith narrators. He was also described to be virtuous, pious and a strict follower of the Sunnah. He also took interest in the arts and recited poetry. ^Abdul-Haq died in Bijaya in Rabi^-ul-Akhirah, 581 H.

ABU AL-HASAN AL-MAWARDI

Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi was born at Basrah in 972 C.E. (~362H). He was educated at first in Basrah where, after completion of his basic education, he learned Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) from the jurist Abu al-Wahid al-Simari. He then went to Baghdad for advanced studies under Sheikh Abd al-Hamid and Abdallah al-Baqi. His proficiency in jurisprudence ethics, political science and literature proved useful in securing a respectable career for himself. After his initial appointment as qadi (Judge), he was gradually promoted to higher offices, till he became the Chief Justice at Baghdad. The Abbasid Caliph al-Qaim bi Amrillah appointed him as his roving ambassador and sent him to a number of countries as the head of special missions. In...

AT-TIRMIDHEE

Abu ‘Iesa, Muhammad bin ‘lesa bin Sura At-Tirmidhee was born in 209 H. In a town called Tirmiz in Uzbekistan near the northern border of Afghanistan. He was a student of Al-Bukhari, and compiled 4,000 Hadeeth in his book called Al-Jami which later came to be known as Sunan At-Tirmidhi. He also contributed tremendously to the methodology of Hadeeth and composed a book on it called Al-‘Ilal (the discrepancies). He was famous for his piousness. He became blind and finally died on 13 Rajab 279H.

AT-TAHAWI

Abu Ja’far, Ahmad bin Muhammad Salama bin Salama Al-Azdi Al-Misri At-Tahawi Al-Hanafi was born in the year 228 H. or 227 H. He was nicknamed after a village called Taha in Egypt. He was a follower of the Shafi’ee Madhaab (school of jurisprudence) and a student of Al-Muzni. At-Tahawi then became a follower of the Hanaf Madhhab. Among his most famous books is Sharh Ma’ani Al-Athar. At-Tahawi died in the beginning of Dhul-Qa’da,321 H.

SA^ID bin Mansur Al-Marwazi

D 227 H Sa^id bin Mansur bin Shu^bah Al-Marwazi or At-Taliqani then Al-Balkhi lived near Makkah. He authored the book As-Sunan. Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal praised him immensely. Harb Al-Karmani said, ‘He (Sa^id) dictated to me about ten thousand Hadith from his memory.’ Sa^id bin Mansur died in Makkah in Ramadan 227 H, while in his nineties.  

^ABDUR-RAZZAQ bin Humam

D 211 H Abu Bakr, ^Abdur-Razzaq bin Humam bin Nafi^ Al-Himyari (by clientship) As-San^ani was considered as one of the strongholds of knowledge. Ahmad, Ishaq, Ibn Ma^in and Adh-Dhuhli narrated Hadith from him. He became blind in his old age and became senile. ^Abdur-Razzaq died in 211 H. At the age of 85 years.

MUSLIM bin Hajjaj

Muslim’s full name is Muslim bin Al-Hajjaj Al-Qushairi An-Nishapuri. He was born in 204 H., in the city of Nishapur near the city of Mashhad in present Iran. Muslim is considered second only to Al-Bukhari in the science of the methodology of Hadith. He started the study of Hadith at an early age and travelled to Iraq, Hijaz, Ash-Sham and Egypt and studied under the scholars of Hadith at that time like Al-Bukhari, Ahmad bin Hanbal and Ibn Abi Shaibah. He also taught the famous Hadith scholars like At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Abu Hatim. Muslim compiled the Hadith book Al-Musnad As-Sahih, which became known as Sahih Muslim. This book, which is considered by the Muslim ^Ulama’ as the second most authentic Hadith book after Al-Bukhari, contains 9,200 Hadith. Imam Muslim...

‘ALI bin Al-Madini

‘Ali bin ‘Abdullah bin Ja’far bin Najih As-Sa’di by clientship – Al-Madini was born in 161 H. And was considered as the most knowledgeable person regarding the Hadeeth of the Prophet and Al-Bukhari said in this context, I never belittled myself before anyone else except before ‘Ali Al-Madini. He was considered to be the Imam of Al-Jarh wat-Ta’dil, the Hafidh of his time and the exemplary of Ahl Al-Hadeeth (the scholars of the Hadeeth). ‘Ali Al-Madini died at Samira in present Iraq at a place called Katibata Al-Qa’qa in the year 234 H.

AL-ISMA’ILI, Ahmad bin Ibrahim

Abu Bakr, Ahmad bin Ibrahim bin Isma’il bin Al-‘Abbas Al-Isma’ili Al-Jurjani was born in 277 H. He was considered as an Imam and a Hafidh, and was given the title Sheikh-ul-lslam due to his wide knowledge and because he was the leader of the Shafi’ees in his region.

IMAM MALIK

Abu ‘Abdullah, Malik bin Anas bin Malik bin Abu ‘Aamir AI-Asbahi (Dhi Asbah, his ninth grandfather was from one of the noblest tribes of Yemen) was born in 93 H. or 94 H. He was the Imam of Dar Al-Hijra (Al-Madina), the Faqih of the Ummah and the leader of Ahl al-Hadeeth. He studied under more than nine hundred professors and a large number of people learnt from him, among them being Imam Ash-Shafi’ee.

IBN RAHWAIH

Abu Ya’qub, Ishaq bin Ibrahim At-Tamimi Al-Hanzali Al-Marwazi was an eminent and great Haafidh, who was a resident and the ‘Aalim of Nishapur. He was also considered as the Sheikh of the east of his time and was known as Ibn Rahawaih. Imam Ahmad said, ‘I don’t know an ‘Aalim equal to Ishaq in Iraq. Abu Zar’a also said, ‘There was no body so good at memorizing the Hadeeth than Ishaq.’ Abu Hatim also said, ‘His mastery (of the Hadeeth), accuracy and accuracy and memorization were very surprising.’ Ibn Rahwaih was born in the year 166 H and died on the l5th of Sha’ban 238 H.

IBN MANDA

Abu ‘Abdullah, Muhammad bin Ishaq bin Muhammad bin Yahya bin Manda was born in 310 H. And was a Hafidh, an Imam and a traveller. He was also one of the eminent scholars, who mastered many Hadeeth. It is said that he travelled all over the Muslim world of his time and returned with about forty loads of books and his teachers were one thousand seven hundred. Ibn Manda died in Dhul-Hijja 395H.

IBN MAJAH, Muhammad bin Yazid

Abu ‘Abdullah, Muhammad bin Yazid bin Majah Al-Qizwini was born in 207H. He studied under Imam Malik and others, and many people narrated Hadeeth from him. He was one of the eminent scholars of Hadeeth, but his Sunan contains many weak and even Munkar Hadeeth. Ibn Majah died in Ramadan in 273H.

IBN HIBBAN, Abu Hatim Ibn Hibban

Abu Hatim, Muhammad bin Hibban bin Ahmad bin Hibban Al-Busti was born in Bust in Sijistan. He was one of the celebrities in the knowledge of Hadeeth, pious, Faqih, learned and one of the students of Ibn Khuzaimah. He died in Samarqand in 354 H., while in his eighties.

IBN ABU KHAYTHAMA

Abu Bakr, Ahmad bin Abu Khaythama Zuhair bin Harb An-Nasa’I Al-Baghdadi was a celebrated Imam, Hafidh and an authority. He authored At-Tarikh Al-Kabir. Ad-Daraqutni said about him, ‘He was reliable and trustworthy.’ Al-Khatib also said, ‘He was reliable ‘Aalim (learned), accurate Hafidh, knowledgeable in the history of people, and the narration of poetry.’ He studied Hadeeth under Ahmad bin Hanbal and Ibn Ma’in. Ibn Abu Khaythama died in Jumada-ul-Ula 289 H., at the age of 94 years.

IBN ABU AD-DUNYA, ‘Abdullah

Abu Bakr, ‘Abdullah bin Muhammad bin ‘Ubaid bin Sufyan bin Abu Ad-Dunya Al-Qurashi Al-Baghdadi, the freed slave of Banu Umaiya, was born in 208 H. He was a Muhaddith and truthful ‘Aalim. He wrote some books and educated more than one of the caliphs’ sons like Al-Mu’tadid. Ibn Abu Ad-Dunya died in Jumada Al-Ula, 281 H.

IBN ABEE SHAIBA, Abu Bakr

Abu Bakr ‘Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Abee Shaiba Ibrahim bin ‘Uthman bin Hawasi Al-‘Ansi (by clientship) was a unique Hafidh. He authored Al-Musnad wal-Musannaf and other books. He was a leader in the knowledge of Hadeeth and Abu Zur’a, Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Da’ud and Khalaf narrated it from him. Abu Bakr died in Muharram, 235 H.

AL-HARITH bin Abu Usama

Imam Abu Muhammad, Al-Harith bin Abu Usama Muhammad bin Dahir At-Tamimi Al-Baghdadi was a Hafidh and authored Al-Musnad which he did not arrange. Ibrahim Al-Harbi and Abu Hatim verified him as reliable, and Ad-Daraqutni said, ‘He is truthful.’ Al-Harith was born in 186 H. And died on the day of ‘Arafa 282 H.

AL-HAKIM, Abu Abdullah

Abu ‘Abdullah, Muhammed ‘Abdullah An-Nishapuri Al-Hakim known as Ibn Al-Baiyi’ was born in 321H. He was a celebrated Imam in the verification of Hadeeth. He authored Al-Mustadrak in the methodology of Hadeeth. It is said that he studied under one thousand professors and authored many valuable books. Al-Hakim was pious and religious. He died in Safar 405 H.

ADH-DHUHLI, Muhammad bin Yahya

Abu ‘Abdullah, Muhammad bin Yahya bin ‘Abdullah bin Khalid bin Faris, the freed slave of Banu Dhuhl was born in 170 of the Hijra. He was a Sheikh-ul-lslam and Amir-ul-Mu’minin in the knowledge of Hadeeth and theHafidh of Nishapur. He acquired Hadeeth from many professors in Al-Haramain, Ash-Sham, Egypt, Iraq, Ar-Ray, Khurasan, Yemen and Al-Jazira and became very competent in this field and became the authority of knowledge in Khurasan. Ahmad said, ‘I never saw someone who knows the Hadeeth of Az-Zuhri from Muhammad bin Yahya than Adh-Dhuhli. He died in Rabl ‘-ul-Awwal, 258H.

ABU DA’UD, Sulaiman bin Da’ud At-Tayalisi

Sulaiman bin Da’ud bin Al-Jarud Al-Basri was a Persianby origin and the freed slave of Az-Zubair. He was a great Hafidh and one of the eminent ‘Ulama. Al-Qallas and Ibn Al-Madini both said about him, ‘I have not seen someone who is more versed with the Hadeeth more than him.’ Ibn Mahdi said, ‘He is a most truthful person.’ He recorded Hadeeth from more than one thousand scholars. Abu Da’ud died in the year 204 H.

AD-DARIMI, ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abdur-Rahman

Abu Muhamrnad, ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abdur-Rahmnan bin Al-Fadl bin Bahram At-Tamimi Ad-Darimi As-Samarqandi was born in the year 181 H. He was a celebrated Imam, Hafidh and Sheikh-ul-Islam of Samarqand and the author of Al-Musnad Al- ‘Aali. He heard Hadeeth at Al-Haramain, Khurasan, Ash-Sham, Iraq and Egypt. Muslim, Abu Da’ud, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa’i and others transmitted Hadeeth from him. He was described to be very intelligent and very virtuous and was considered to be an exemplary person in piousness, patience, hardwork, worship and abstinence. Ad-Darimi died on 8th Dhul-Hijja 255H.

AD-DARAQUTNI, ‘Ali bin Umar

Abul-Hasan, ‘Ali bin ‘Umar bin Ahmad bin Mahdi Al-Baghdadi. He was nicknamed after a big store called Dar Al-Qutn in Baghdad. He was a great Hafidh and a unique Imam who was born in the year 306 H. He was the authority in the methodology of Hadeeth, the knowledge of the weaknesses of the Hadeeth narrations and names of the Hadeeth narrators of his time. Ad-Daraqutni died on 8th Dhul-Qa’da 385 H.

AL-BUKHARI, Muhammad bin Isma^il

He is the Amir-ul-Mu ‘mimin in the knowledge of Hadith, and his full name is Abu ^Abdullah, Muhammad bin Isma^il bin Ibrahim bin Al-Mughirah bin Bardizbah Al-Ju^fi Al-Bukhari. He was born in Shawwal 194 H. In Bukharah in what is now Uzbekistan. Al-Bukhari studied Hadith at an early age and travelled widely over the Muslim world collecting Hadith and compiled the most authentic ones in his book Al-Jami^As-Sahih, which later became known as Sahih Al-Bukhari and contains 2602 Hadith which he selected from the thousands of Hadiths that he had memorized. Al-Bukhari studied under famous Hadith Imam like Malik bin Anas and Yahya bin Ma^in. He died in Samarqand, the then day capital of Uzbekistan, Nowadays Tashqand , the night of ^id-ul-Fitr, 256 H. Al-Bukhari was...

AL-BAZZAR, Ahmad bin ‘Amr

Abu Bakr, Ahmad bin ‘Amr bin ‘Abdul-Khaliq Al-Basri was one of the eminent and learned Hadeeth scholars who had attained the rank of Hafidh in the memorization of Hadeeth. He authored two books on Hadeeth which are Al-Musnad Al-Kabir and Al-‘Ilal. He studied under At-Tabarani and others. Al-Bazzar died in 292 H.

AL-BAIHAQI, Ahmad bin Al-Husain

Abu Bakr, Ahmad bin Al-Husain was born in Sha’ban in the year 374H. He was considered a learned Hafidh among the eminent Imams of Hadeeth and a jurisprudence scholar in the Shafi’ee Madhhab. He wrote many books like As-Sunan Al-Kubra and As-Sunan As-Sughra. Adh-Dhahabi said, His books exceed one thousand volumes.’ Al-Baihaq, which he is named after, is a town near Nishapur. Al-Baihaqi died in 458 H.

IBN AS-SAKAN, Sa’id bin ‘Uthman

Abu ‘Ali Sa’id bin As-Sakan Al-Baghdadi was born in 294 H. He was a celebrated Hafidh and an authoritative Imam. He paid much attention to the study of Hadeeth, and collected and wrote books on Hadeeth, thus becoming very famous in this field. Ibn As-Sakan died in the year 353 H.

ASH-SHAFI’EE, Muhammad bin Idris

Abu ‘Abdullah, Muhammad bin ldris bin AI-‘Abbas bin ‘Uthman bin Shafi’ee bin As-Sa’ib bin ‘Ubaid bin ‘Abd Yazid bin Hashim bin ‘Abdul-Muttalib bin ‘Abd Manaf Al-Qurashi Al-Makki was born in 150 H. in Ghaza and was taken to Makkah while a baby. He lived in Egypt where he died in 204 H. He was considered to be one of the most learned persons amongst the Muslim Ummah, unique, learned and the founder of the science of Usul Al-Fiqh (the principles of jurisprudence). His grandfather Shafi’i was a Sahabi who met the Prophet while a growing up boy.

AL-‘AQILI, Muhammad bin ‘Amr

Abu Ja’far, Muhammad bin ‘Amr bin Musa bin Hamad Al-‘Aqili was a Hafidh, an Imam and the author of Kitab Ad-Du’afa’ Al-Kabir. He was a celebrated scholar, and the author of many books. Al-‘Aqili lived in Al-Haramain and died in 322 H.

IBN AL-JARUD, ‘Abdullah bin ‘Ali

Abu Muhammad, ‘Abdullah bin ‘Ali bin Al-Jarud An-Nishapuri,who lived near Makkah, was an Imam and a Hafidh who was among those ‘Ulama who mastered the recitation of the Qur’an. He authored Al-Muntaqa fil-Ahkam and was among the pious scholars of his time. Ibn Al-Jarud died in 307 H.

AHMAD (Ibn Hanbal)

164-241 H   He is Abu ^Abdullah, Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Hanbal Ash-Shaibani, known by the name Ibn Hanbal. He was a celebrated theologian, jurist and a Hadith scholar. He is also one of the four Imams of Fiqh. Imam Ahmad was born at Baghdad in Rabi^-ul-‘ula, 164 H. He studied the Hadith and Fiqh together with other Islamic disciplines in Baghdad, then travelled to Ash-Sham and Hijaz for further studies. He was persecuted during the rule of Al-Ma’mun bin Harun Ar-Rashid for refusing to acknowledge the Bid^ah (innovation) introduced by the Mu^ tazilah of claiming that the Qur’an (the Eternal and Everlasting Kalam-Speech of Allah) was created.. He however, stood firm against all the trials and saved the Sunnah from the innovation of the wretched Mu...

^ABDUL-HAQ bin ^Abdur-Rahman

510-581 H Abu Muhammad, ^Abdul-Haq bin ^Abdur-Rahman bin ^Abdullah bin Husain bin Sa^ id Al-Azdi Al-Ishbili was born in 510 H. He was a Hafidh and an authority in the knowledge of Hadith. He resided in Bijaya in Spain where he spread his knowledge and authored books. He was famous and a celebrated ^Alim (scholar) and was appointed as the Khatib of Bijaya. He was a Jurisprudent (Faqih) and knowledgeable in the methodology of the Hadith, its weak ones and the history of the Hadith narrators. He was also described to be virtuous, pious and a strict follower of the Sunnah. He also took interest in the arts and recited poetry. ^Abdul-Haq died in Bijaya in Rabi^-ul-Akhirah, 581 H.

ABU DAWUD, Sulaiman bin Al-Ash^ath

220-275 H Abu Dawud, Sulaiman bin Al-Ash^ath bin Ishaq Al-Azdi As-Sijistani, who was one of the eminent Imam of Hadith, was born in 202H. He studied Hadith under Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal along with Al-Bukhari and taught many of the later scholars of Hadith, like At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i. Though Abu Dawud collected 500,000 Hadith, he compiled 4,800 Hadith only in his book entitled As-Sunan, which he taught in Baghdad and other major cities at that time. He died at Basra on Friday in the month of Shawwal 275 H.