Zakah-Grade 4

Zakah   Allah said in Surat an-Nur, Ayah 56, what means: “Perform the prayers and pay Zakah.” Allah has ordered the Muslim who has money, on which Zakah is due, to pay a small amount from that money to the poor Muslims and others whom Allah has mentioned in the Qur’an. Allah, ta^ala, said in Surat at-Tawbah, Ayah 60, what means: “Zakah is to be paid to faqirs, miskins, the Zakah workers, the Muslims whose hearts need reconciliation, the slaves who made the mukatabah contract for their freedom, the Muslims who cannot pay their debts, the volunteer fighters, and the Muslim traveler who does not have enough money to return to his hometown.” The Faqirs are the Muslims who have less than half of their basic needs. The Miskins are Muslims who have more than half...

Fasting the month of Ramadan-Grade 4

Fasting the Blessed Month of Ramadan     Allah said in Suratul Baqarah, Ayah 185, what means: “The month of Ramadan is the month in which the Qur’an with all the clear guidance it contains was sent down in full (from the guarded tablet to the first sky, and then to the Prophet little by little). So whoever among you is alive in the month of Ramadan must fast it.” Fasting is a great act of worship that Allah ordained on Muslims to do in the month of Ramadan of every year. Fasting Ramadan will be rewarded greatly by Allah, the Exalted. Fasting is refraining from eating and drinking and all other things that may invalidate the fast in the time between dawn and sunset. The intention to fast has to be made before dawn. One says in the heart, “I intend to...

Making Up Prayers-Grade 4

Making Up Prayers   Al-Bukhariyy related that the Messenger of Allah said what means: “Whoever misses a prayer due to sleep or forgetting, let him pray it when he remembers it. Nothing else can be done to make up for it.” So, if a person slept through the whole time of a prayer, he still has to do the prayer when he wakes up. Also, if a Muslim forgets to do a prayer and remembers after the time of that prayer has passed, then the Muslim must still make up that missed prayer. However, if a Muslim misses many prayers the number of which he does now know exactly, he is obliged to make up the missed prayers until he is almost sure that there are no more prayers that are due on him. The good, pious Muslim does not neglect making up the prayers he has missed. He...

Acts of Worship 3/3 – Grade 5

Lesson 13 Fasting     Allah made it obligatory upon every accountable and able Muslim to fast the month of Ramadan. Allah said in the Quran, in Ayah 183 of Suratul Baqarah, what means “He (Allah) made fasting obligatory upon you.” Fasting the month of Ramadan was made obligatory during the month of Sha^ban in the second year after immigration. It is a great obligation and among the most important matters of Islam. The Muslims look forward to this month because it is the month of goodness, obedience, and blessings. It is also the best month of the year, and in it is the best night of the year, the Night of Qadr. Fasting is abstaining from anything that invalidates the fast during the day, along with having made the intention during the night. It is an...

Acts of Worship 2/3 – Grade 5

Lesson 7 Times of Prayer     Allah, ta^ala said, in Ayah 103 of Suratun-Nisa’, what means: “Certainly, the [obligatory] prayers have been prescribed to the believers to be performed at specific times.” After the belief in Allah and His Messenger, the prayer is the best deed. Allah made five prayers obligatory upon every pubescent, sane Muslim within the night and day. One has to be keen to perform them. Also, one must learn how the time of each prayer begins and how it ends. The Noon Prayer (Dhuhr) begins when the sun declines westward from the middle of the sky. It ends when the shadow of an object becomes equal to the length of that object, plus the length of its shadow, when the sun has reached its zenith. The object may be a straight wooden stick...

Acts of Worship 1/3 – Grade 5

Lesson 1 The Islamic Judgment Concerning the Actions of the Accountable     The Islamic Judgments are divided into seven types: The obligatory, recommended, prohibited, disliked, permissible, valid, and invalid. The obligatory judgment is that which the doer will receive the reward for, and the neglector of which deserves punishment. This, in turn, is divided into two subdivisions: the personal obligation and the communal obligation. The Personal Obligation is what is obligatory upon every accountable person, like the five prayers. The Communal Obligation is also an obligation. If some perform it, then others would be relieved from it. Examples are: the congregational prayer, memorizing the entire book of the Qur’an, and working in the beneficial...

Acts of Worship 2/2 – Grade 4

Lesson 18 Fasting the Blessed Month of Ramadan     Allah said in Suratul Baqarah, Ayah 185, what means: “The month of Ramadan is the month in which the Qur’an with all the clear guidance it contains was sent down in full (from the guarded tablet to the first sky, and then to the Prophet little by little). So whoever among you is alive in the month of Ramadan must fast it.” Fasting is a great act of worship that Allah ordained on Muslims to do in the month of Ramadan of every year. Fasting Ramadan will be rewarded greatly by Allah, the Exalted. Fasting is refraining from eating and drinking and all other things that may invalidate the fast in the time between dawn and sunset. The intention to fast has to be made before dawn. One says in the heart, “I...

Acts of Worship 1/2 – Grade 4

Lesson 1 Types of Water     Water is divided into three types. They are: –         Pure and purifying water; –         Pure but not purifying water; and –         Najas-filthy water Regarding pure and purifying water, it is the absolute water; that is, pure in itself and purifying when it is used in purificatory bathing, wudu’, and ridding of najas-filth. Examples of such water are rain, ocean, river, well and spring waters. On the other, pure but not purifying water is used water. It consists of two types: the water that has been used for lifting off a major impurity or a minor one, and water that has been used for the ridding of najas-filth, but none of whose properties—color, taste, smell, etc.—have changed. This water is still pure...