Hajj-Grade 3

Hajj           Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 97 of Al ^Imran, what means that Allah made it an obligation, on the capable person, to make Hajj to Makkah, where the Ka^bah is located. Hajj is one of the most important matters of Islam. The person who has the capability to perform it has to perform it once in one’s lifetime. Hajj has six integrals and it is not valid without one completing all of them.  1.The first is Ihram, which is the intention to perform Hajj;  2.The second is to be at ^Arafah at a specific time;  3.The third is to go around the Ka^bah seven times in due time, observing its required conditions;  4.The fourth is walking between Safa and Marwah seven times;  5.The fifth is removing the hair by shaving or trimming; in other words, the man...

Zakah-Grade 3

Zakah           Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 43 of Suratul-Baqarah, what means: “Perform the prayer and fulfill Zakah.” Zakah is one of the most important matters of Islam. Allah obligated the financially sound Muslims to pay a specific amount of their money to specific categories of people, determined by Islamic Law. Among those people who may receive Zakah are the poor Muslims. The poor Muslims are those who cannot fulfill all their basic needs. Zakah is due on items such as: –         Camels, cattle, sheep and goats;   –         Gold and silver;   –         Staple crops, like wheat and rice; and   –         Trade articles. The Zakah of Fitr is also an obligation to fulfill. It is paid after the month of Ramadan...

Fasting Ramadan-Grade 3

Fasting Ramadan           Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 183 of Suratul-Baqarah, what means: “O believers, fasting (Ramadan) is ordained upon you as it was ordained (obligatory) upon the (Muslims) before you to earn piety.” Fasting is to abstain from eating, drinking and other things that break fasting from dawn to sunset with an intention made during the night before. For example, one says in his heart: “I intend to fast tomorrow to fulfill the obligatory fast of Ramadan this year, seeking the reward of Allah.” Some of the invalidators of fasting are: –         Intentionally eating or drinking while remembering that one is fasting, even if it was little. However, the fasting of one who eats or drinks while forgetting is not invalidated;  ...

The Friday Prayer-Grade 3

The Friday Prayer     Allah made fulfilling the Friday prayer an obligation on every Muslim who is male, free, pubescent, sane, residing, and unexcused. The woman, slave person, boy, insane, traveler, and the one who has a valid excuse are not obligated to pray the Friday prayer. The valid excuse is like when the Muslim is so sick that it is intolerable for him to go to the masjid while in this state. The Friday prayer is composed of two rak^ahs. In the Friday prayer one must observe: –         Praying the two rak^ahs after the time of Dhuhr has set in, and after the conclusion of the two speeches;   –         Forty men have to pray the two rak^ahs in congregation; It must also be noted the one who misses the Friday prayer prays Dhuhr,...

Congregational Prayer-Grade 3

Congregational Prayer           Imam Muslim related that the Prophet, sallalahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said what means: One’s reward for praying in congregation is better by twenty-seven times than that of his prayer by himself.” Congregational prayer is a communal obligation. In other words, it is not obligatory upon each Muslim to pray in congregation; rather some Muslims are obligated to perform the congregational prayer for each of the five obligatory prayers. The one who wishes to pray in congregation needs to follow certain rules. One must be standing behind the imam, and must not say the opening “Allahu Akbar” except after the imam completes saying his opening “Allahu Akbar” in full. One also intends to pray in congregation. He says in his heart, for example:...

Invalidators of Prayer-Grade 3

Invalidators of Prayer           The prayer of the Muslim is invalidated if he does matters which render the prayer invalid. Such matters include: –         Speaking intentionally, and not while forgetting that one is performing prayer, what is considered normal speech. However, if one forgets and utters a few statements, one’s prayer is not invalidated;   –         Eating and drinking even a little amount, unless one forgets and it is little, also invalidates the prayer;   –         Performing three consecutive movements;   –         Jumping an excessive jump or moving one’s hand or eye, for example, with the intention of playing;   –         Adding an extra integral which involves action, such as to perform...

The Integrals of Prayer-Grade 3

The Integrals of Prayer           Prayer contains integrals and recommended matters. The integrals are the parts of the prayer that, if left out, the prayer would be invalid. However, the prayer is valid without one performing the recommended matters. The person who does not perform the recommended matters will lose the reward that otherwise one acquires for performing it. The integrals of the prayer are seventeen they are: 1.Having the intention in the heart; 2.Saying the opening Allahu Akbar at the beginning of prayer; this is also called the opening takbirah; 3.Standing for the obligatory prayer when able; 4.Reciting the Fatihah, starting with “Bismillah” and articulating the letters properly; 5.To perform ruku^, by bowing until one’s palms could reach one’s...

The Conditions for a Valid Prayer-Grade 3

The Conditions for a Valid Prayer   Before performing the prayer, the person who is praying has to fulfill the conditions for the validity of the prayer so that one’s prayer is correct. Among these conditions are: Being a Muslim. The blasphemer’s prayer is not valid. One must also be on wudu’. The person who is praying has to have wudu’ or else the prayer is not valid. One must be in a state of taharah; in other words, to be clear from the najas-filth that is not overlooked. One has to be clear of such filthiness in the body, clothing, place of prayer and what one carries while praying, such as a tissue contaminated with najas-filth in one’s pocket. To cover the unlawful nakedness: The male covers the area between the navel and the knees. The woman covers...

The Obligatory Prayers-Grade 3

The Obligatory Prayers and Their Times The prayer is the best of the deeds after believing in Allah and His Messenger. Every accountable Muslim has to fulfill the prayers on time and learn when the time of each prayer sets in and ends. The prayers that are obligatory for every day and night are five. The Noon prayer, adh-Dhuhr, is four rak^ahs, or cycles. Its time begins when the sun has declined westward from the middle of the sky. It remains until the length of the shadow of an object becomes equal to that of the object, in addition to the length of the shadow cast by that object when the sun was at its zenith. The Mid-afternoon Prayer, al-^Asr, is also four rak^ahs. Its time begins after Dhuhr ends, and remains until sunset. The Sunset Prayer, al-Maghrib, is...

The Adhan and the Iqamah-Grade 3

The Adhan and the Iqamah   When the time of the prayer sets in, it is sunnah to call adhan. To call adhan, one of the Muslims calls with a loud voice for the performance of prayer by saying specific statements in the mosque or outside of it. The meaning of the adhan is: “Allah is greater (in status) than any great one (twice) I bear witness that no one is God except Allah (twice) I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah (twice) Come to the prayer (twice) Come to success and guidance (twice) Allah is greater than any great one (twice) No one is God except Allah.” (once) For the adhan of the Dawn Prayer, it is sunnah for the caller, after the second “Come to success and guidance” phrase, to say, “Prayer is better than sleeping,” twice. After the...

Istinja’-Grade 3

Istinja’           Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 222 of Suratul-Baqarah what means that Allah loves those who repent and those who fulfill purification. If someone released any moist feces or urine and did not perform istinja’, then made wudu’, and prayed, then one’s prayer is not valid. It is an obligation to perform istinja’; in other words, removing the najas-filth after the emission of the wet najas-filth, such as urine and feces, from one of the eliminatory outlets. When performing istinja’ from feces, it is enough for one to pour, with the right hand, pure water on the place of the najas-filth. One would meanwhile rub the exit with the left hand until the place becomes tahir—in other words, pure. To perform istinja’ from urine, one would just pour water...

The Invalidators of Wudu’-Grade 3

The Invalidators of Wudu’           Among the invalidators of the ablution are: –         Emitting urine, feces, or gas;   –         Sleeping on the stomach, back, right, or left side;   –         Touching the part from which the urine exits or the anus with the inner part of the bare hand without a barrier;   –         Becoming insane and/or losing consciousness. The person whose wudu’ is invalidated is not permitted to pray unless one performs wudu’ again.   Some of the things which are disliked when making wudu include: –         Repeating an act of wudu’ more than three times when washing or wet wiping;   –         Saying a non-beneficial statement while making the wudu’;   –         To...

Ablution (Wudu’)-Grade 3

Ablution (Wudu’)           Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 6 of Suratul-Ma’idah, what means: “O believers, when you are ready to pray, you must wash your faces, hands and forearms including the elbows, wet wipe your heads, and wash your feet up to and including the ankles.” The integrals of ablution (wudu’) are six.  1.The first is having the intention in the heart when washing the face. One says in his heart: “I intend to perform wudu’ (ablution)” or any equivalent intention;  2.The second integral is washing the face from the normal hairline to the chin and from one ear to the other ear;  3.The third integral is washing the hands and the forearms up to and including the elbows;  4.The fourth is wet-wiping the head or part of it;  5.The fifth is washing the...

Acts of Worship – Grade 3

Lesson 1 Ablution (Wudu’)           Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 6 of Suratul-Ma’idah, what means: “O believers, when you are ready to pray, you must wash your faces, hands and forearms including the elbows, wet wipe your heads, and wash your feet up to and including the ankles.” The integrals of ablution (wudu’) are six. The first is having the intention in the heart when washing the face. One says in his heart: “I intend to perform wudu’ (ablution)” or any equivalent intention;   The second integral is washing the face from the normal hairline to the chin and from one ear to the other ear;   The third integral is washing the hands and the forearms up to and including the elbows;   The fourth is wet-wiping the head or part of it;   The...