After the Hijrah

After the Hijrah          The Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, migrated from Makkah to Madinah, which was then called Yathrib, and Abu Bakr accompanied him on his journey. The Prophet settled in Madinah, and the rest of his Companions followed him thereafter. The Muslims of Madinah received the Muslims of Makkah and welcomed them to Madinah. The Muslims of Madinah supported the Prophet and became known as the Ansar, the Supporters. Those who migrated from Makkah were called the Muhajirun, the Migrators. The call to Islam became strong in Madinah, and the Prophet proclaimed brotherhood among the Muhajirun and the Ansar. They treated each other like brothers and helped each other. After the migration, Allah gave permission to the believers to fight. The...

The Hijrah (Migration) to Madinah

The Hijrah (Migration) to Madinah          When the Prophet left his house, he went to the house of our Master Abu Bakr. He then revealed that he had been given permission to migrate. Abu Bakr asked the Prophet if he could accompany him, and the Prophet agreed, which caused Abu Bakr to cry out of happiness. They both rode she-camels, which Abu Bakr had prepared for the trip, until they reached the cave of Thawr, and entered it. Allah ordered a tree to grow in front of the entrance to the cave, concealing it. Then, two wild birds came and roosted at the entrance. When the blasphemers following the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, arrived at the cave, they sent a man to scout the area. He saw the birds and the tree, and went back to report that there was no...

The Prophet Meets with People of Madinah

The Prophet Meets with Some of the People of Madinah          During the Hajj season, the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, met with the various tribes and called them to Islam. At one of these times, he met with a group from Madinah. He called them to Islam, and they believed. They said to him, “We will return to Madinah and convey Islam to the rest of our tribe there.” They also told him they would meet with him the following year. When they returned to Madinah, they called the people to Islam, and some there became Muslim. They were called the Ansar, the Supporters. The following year, 12 men from the Ansar came and gave allegiance to the Prophet. They said that they would not associate partners with Allah, steal, fornicate, kill their children, or...

Migrating to Abyssinia (al-Habashah)

Migrating to Abyssinia (al-Habashah)          When the harm to the Prophet and his companions became very great, he ordered them to migrate to the land of al-Habashah. Some of them went as ordered. Among those who went to al-Habashah were 83 men and 11 women from the tribe of Quraysh, and seven not from Quraysh. They included ^Uthman ibn ^Affan and his wife Ruqayyah, az-Zubayr ibn al-^Awwam, ^Abdur-Rahman ibn ^Awf, ^Abdullah ibn Mas^ud, and Ja^far ibn Abu Talib. They migrated to al-Habashah in two groups. The King of al-Habashah, known as As-hamah an-Najashiyy, welcomed both groups and was generous to them. Upon hearing this, the blasphemers of Quraysh sent two men with gifts to the king of al-Habashah. They asked him to return the Muslims over to them. As-hamah...

The Blasphemers Harmed the Prophet

The Blasphemers Harmed the Prophet          The blasphemers of Makkah heard the call of the Prophet. They began to harm him and his companions. Among those who harmed and injured him were Abu Jahl, whose name was ^Amr ibn Hisham, his uncle Abu Lahab, whose name was ^Abdul-^Uzza ibn ^Abdil-Muttalib, and his wife Umm Jamil bin Harb. Umm Jamil collected thorns and, under the cover of night, placed them in the pathway of the Prophet. It was narrated in the hadith that when the saying of Allah, in Ayah 214 of Suratush-Shu^ara’, which means, “Warn your close relatives,” was revealed to the Prophet, he went to Mount Safa and called the people of Quraysh in the morning to come hear what he would say. So the people of Quraysh came to him and said, “What do you want?” The...

The Beginning of the Revelation

The Beginning of the Revelation          ^A’ishah, may Allah raise her rank, said, “The beginning of the Revelation of the Prophet was the true dreams. He would see a dream, then it would happen exactly as he saw it.” From time to time, the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, would go to the cave of Hira’ to be alone. Once, when the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, was 40 years old, our Master Jibril came to him in the cave. He said to him, “Read.” The Prophet said, “I do not know how to read.” Again, Jibril said, “Read.” The Prophet repeated, “I do not know how to read.” This was repeated a third time, then Jibril said the first five ayahs of Suratul-^Alaq, which mean: “Read, in the Name of your Lord, Who created man from a blood clot. Read, your Lord...

Early Events in the Life of the Prophet

Early Events in the Life of the Prophet          The Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, was 6 years old when his mother Aminah died. His grandfather, ^Abdul-Muttalib, took care of him, and then entrusted him to his uncle, Abu Talib. Abu Talib made him part of his own family. He was very fond of him, placing him ahead of his own children. When the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam was 12 years old, he went with Abu Talib, who was a merchant, towards the lands of ash-Sham. A priest called Bahira met the Prophet, embraced him, led him toward a table of food, seated him, and looked into his eyes. Then, Bahira uncovered the Prophet’s back and saw the seal of Prophethood between his shoulders. Bahira said to Abu Talib, “Your nephew has a very high status....

The Opening of The Prophet’s Chest

The Opening of The Prophet’s Chest          Halimah as-Sa^diyyah said, “Prophet Muhammad, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, grew in one day what a child would grow in a month, and in a month he grew what a child would grow in a year. At one year old, he was a healthy child with a good appetite.” She said, “One day, he and his brothers were behind the house, tending to the sheep. Suddenly, his brother came back hurriedly, telling his father and me, ‘Come quickly and help my Qurayshiyy brother. Two men came, laid him down, then opened his chest.’ “We went out and found him standing up with the color drained from his face. After his father and I hugged him, we asked, ‘What happened?’ “He said, ‘Two men in white clothes came to me and laid me down. Then they cut open my...

The Nursing of Prophet Muhammad Part II

The Nursing of Prophet Muhammad by Halimah as-Sa^diyyah Part II          Halimah said, “I went to him and took him. Then I went back to my caravan. My husband said to me, ‘So you have taken him.’ “And I replied, ‘Yes, by Allah, and this is because I did not find any other than him.’ “My husband then said, ‘You did the right thing. I hope Allah will grant us good things for taking him.’ Halimah as-Sa^diyyah continued, “I swear by Allah, as soon as I put him on my chest to breastfeed, I had a lot of milk. He drank until he was satisfied. “Then his brother”—meaning her son—“drank until he, too, was satisfied. My husband then went to our female camel to milk it. It, too, was filled with milk. “He milked it and we drank until we were also satisfied. We all slept that...

The Nursing of Prophet Muhammad Part I

The Nursing of Prophet Muhammad by Halimah as-Sa^diyyah Part I          Aminah gave birth to Prophet Muhammad, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, during the Year of the Elephant. At first, she nursed him. It was, however, the habit of the Arabs to hire a wet nurse to breastfeed their children. The tribe of Sa^d were in financial need at the time. They offered to breastfeed the children of Quraysh, for a fee. None of the Sa^d nurses would take the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, because he was an orphan, and they each hoped for a child with wealthy parents. As a result, all of the other children were taken except for the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, so Halimah took him. Halimah narrated the story of his nursing. She said, “I left on a female donkey...

The Story of the People of the Elephant

The Story of the People of the Elephant          Prophet Muhammad, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, was born in the year that Abrahah al-Habashiyy attacked the Ka^bah. Allah destroyed Abrahah and his army before they entered Makkah. Abrahah had built a church called Qullays in Yemen. However, when he found out that the Arabs’ hearts were still attached to the Ka^bah, he set out with his army to destroy it. When his army came close to Makkah, Abrahah ordered his troops to attack the cattle. They took some of ^Abdul-Muttalib’s camels, and Abrahah sent one of his soldiers to Makkah to meet with him, the son of Hashim. The soldiers said, “The king sent me to tell you that he did not come here to fight you unless you fight first; rather, he came to destroy this...

An Advice of Prophet ^Isa

An Advice of Prophet ^Isa          Prophet ^Isa gave advice to those who followed him. He told them, “After me will come a prophet named Muhammad. Believe in him and follow him, should he appear during your lifetime.” A Muslim jinn heard this and told it to a group of people traveling from their homeland, Yemen. This happened before the appearance of Prophet Muhammad, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, had become widely known throughout the land. Night befell this group of people, and one of them, al-Ja^d, the son of Qays, heard a voice but saw no speaker. It was the voice of the Muslim jinn, saying, “O traveling caravan that sleeps during the night, if you stop at the Hatim, a place in Makkah, give my greetings to Muhammad, the one who received the Revelation and...

Following Prophet ^Isa During His Times Was an Obligation

Following Prophet ^Isa During His Times Was an Obligation          300 years after Prophet ^Isa was raised to the sky, those who perverted the Religion increased in number, and those who were Muslim became very few. After some 500 years, there were no Muslims left. The nation of Prophet Musa did not remain steadfast to Islam, unlike the nation of Prophet Muhammad, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam. The nation of Muhammad has remained steadfast to Islam for more than 1,400 years. Many of Musa’s people blasphemed after a few hundred years and perverted the Religion. When Prophet ^Isa came, they rejected him and denied his Prophethood. People are ordered to believe in the prophet who comes to them. It is therefore not permissible for them to say, “We followed the...

Prophet ^Isa’s Ascension to the Second Heaven

Prophet ^Isa’s Ascension to the Second Heaven          The Jews plotted to kill Prophet ^Isa, peace be upon him. Before they reached him, however, Allah revealed to him that he would be raised to the sky, to save him from the harm of the blasphemers. Before the Jews came in, there were 12 of his Muslim students with him. The son Abu Hatim and an-Nasa’iyy narrated that Ibn ^Abbas said: “^Isa was with twelve of his companions, and he said, ‘There are among you those who will blaspheme after believing.’ “He continued, ‘Who among you will be made to look like me and be killed in my place, then will become my companion in Paradise?’ “The youngest amongst them stood up and said, ‘I will.’ “^Isa said, ‘Sit.’ He repeated his question. “The youngest again stood up and...

Prophet ^Isa Receives the Revelation

Prophet ^Isa Receives the Revelation          Lady Maryam went with her son to Egypt, where she enrolled ^Isa in elementary school, in which he learned to write. When ^Isa became twelve years old, they both returned to the Land of Palestine. ^Isa later received the Revelation. He said to the people, “O people, worship only Allah and do not associate any partners with Him. Believe that I am the Messenger of Allah sent to you.” Twelve people believed in him. They were called “al-Hawariyyun,” the Supporters. Prophet ^Isa sent them to various cities and ordered them to call people to worship Allah and not to associate partners with Him. Prophet ^Isa lived on Earth for about 30 years. He spent his days among the people, calling them to Islam. ^Isa, peace be upon him,...

The Call of Prophet ^Isa

The Call of Prophet ^Isa          Allah, ta^ala, made Prophet ^Isa speak when he was but an infant, as an introduction to what lay ahead of his calling to worship Allah, as previous prophets had done. His verbalization at such a young age was similar to that of an adult. However, after saying his words, ^Isa did not speak again until the age at which children usually speak. The followers of Prophet ^Isa were Muslim. Therefore, they believed in the Oneness of Allah, and that ^Isa was the slave of Allah and His Messenger. They fasted and performed prayer, which included bowing, prostrating, and required wudu’. These followers lived in accordance to Prophet ^Isa’s teachings for 200 years after Prophet ^Isa was raised to the sky. After these 200 years, though, they...

The Birth of Prophet ^Isa

The Birth of Prophet ^Isa          Jibril blew into the collar of Maryam’s dress. The soul of ^Isa entered through her mouth, and she became pregnant with him, may peace be upon him. She then left her people, for fear they would shame her for becoming pregnant without being married. The pains of delivery took Lady Maryam to the trunk of a dead palm tree. She wished for death because of what she thought people might say about her. Jibril then appeared to her. He comforted her and told her that Allah made a small river near her. He instructed her to shake the dead palm tree, so that moist dates would fall, by the Will of Allah. He then told her to eat and drink from what Allah provided for her and be happy. If anyone were to ask about her pregnancy, she would say...

Maryam

Maryam          Our Lady Maryam’s mother was barren. One day she saw a bird feeding its young. She asked Allah to grant her a child, and vowed to make this child a servant of Baytul-Maqdis, the Jerusalem Mosque. She hoped the child would be a boy, but when she gave birth, it was a girl. Her mother named her Maryam, and Prophet Zakariya, the husband of ^Isa’s aunt, raised her and taught her the Islamic teachings. She grew up pious, pure, and became a waliyyah, a righteous woman. One day, while Maryam was out on an errand, Allah sent Angel Jibril in the form of a young man with a bright face. In Surah Maryam, Ayah 18, the Qur’an states that she said to him what means, “If you are a pious person, you will not harm me.” The Qur’an relates, in Surat Maryam, Ayah 19...

Zakariya and Yahya

Zakariya and Yahya          Before Prophet ^Isa, peace be upon him, was born, Zakariya was a Prophet to the tribes of Israel. He called them to worship Allah and frightened them with the torture of Allah. This was at a time when people committed many major sins. The people responded to his call by belying and harassing him. Prophet Zakariya had reached an old age by this time. His wife was also old and barren. He supplicated to Allah to grant him a pious son who would also be made a prophet. Allah revealed to him the good news that he would have a son. Allah, ta^ala, said, in Ayah 7 of Surat Maryam, what means, “O Zakariya, We [Allah] are giving you the good news that you will have a son, called Yahya, and he will be the first to have this name.” However, the...