Respecting the Muslim-Grade 5

Respecting the Muslim Allah created the human being in the best of forms. He made him benefit from what is in the sky and Earth. He endowed upon him a mind, tongue, lips, eyes and ears so that one uses these organs in the accepted way to please Allah, i.e., to obey him and perform obedience to Him. Allah, ta^ala, said in the Qur’an, Ayah 3 of Suratut-Taghabun, what means: “Allah created you having a good shape. To Him is the return.” Allah gave the Muslim a merit over others, because he has fulfilled the greatest obligation, which is believing in Allah and stating that Allah is clear of having partners. The Muslim has several rights. The Religion has urged us to respect the Muslim and not to demean him. The Religion also made hurting a Muslim a sin for which one...

Immense Hurting of the Parents-Grade 5

Immense Hurting of the Parents (^Uquq) Hurting one’s parents immensely is among the major sins. Allah threatened the one who does it with severe torture in Hellfire. This means to harm either or both parents immensely—in other words, causing them a lot of pain. Hurting one’s parents is unlawful whether it is severe or light. Among the examples of harming one’s parents is to curse, or insult them both or either one. Among what is also considered unlawful is if the son obeys his mother in doing injustice to his father, or vice versa. It does not benefit him if he obeyed his mother and yet harmed his father, because there should be no obedience to a human by disobeying Allah, the Creator. In summary, helping either parent in doing injustice to the other is sinful....

The Forbidden Games-Grade 5

The Forbidden Games and Depicting That Which Has a Soul Among the sins of the hand is playing the many unlawful games. Among them are dice, cards, and the like. These games are prohibited because they rely on guessing, not on thinking and calculating. These prohibited games result in fights among people and other evil things. Regarding throwing dice, also called nardashir, as it was made for the first Persian king, it was related by Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah that the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said what means: “The one who plays with dice is similar to the one who submerges his hand in the flesh and blood of a pig.” In addition, playing cards is forbidden, just like playing with dice, because every game that is based on guessing and chance, but not on...

The Merit of Knowledge-Grade 5

The Merit of Knowledge and Abiding By It In a Hadith related by al-Bayhaqiyy, the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said what means: “Seeking the [obligatory] religious knowledge is an obligation upon every Muslim.” Learning the Religious knowledge is among the best things that one may spend one’s time doing. The safe path that protects a person and his family from Hellfire is by learning the Islamic knowledge; in other words, learning what Allah made obligatory upon us and learning what Allah ordered us to avoid. Allah, ta^ala, said in the Qur’an, Ayah 11 of Suratul-Mujadalah, what means: “Allah raises to higher ranks the believers and those of (Islamic) knowledge.” It was also related by al-Bukhariyy that the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said...

Lying-Grade 5

Lying   Lying is among the sins of the tongue. It is to utter false information while knowing that what one is saying is not the truth. It is sinful whether done seriously or jokingly. Al-Bayhaqiyy related that the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said what means: “Lying is not good, whether in seriousness or joking.” Ibn Majah related that the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, also said: what means: “Do not ever lie, because lying leads to very abhorrent sins, and those in turn lead to Hellfire. One keeps on lying and seeks to do that until one is recorded as a liar in some books of Allah.” There are many things that are among the sins of the tongue and fall under the category of lying. They include: swearing by Allah to a lie, false testimony,...

The Obligatory Ties of Kinship-Grade 5

Severing the Obligatory Ties of Kinship   Severing the ties of kinship is among the sins of the body, and also a major sin. This is done by breaking the hearts of the relatives by refusing to be good-hearted financially if they need money, or by leaving out visiting them without an excuse. If one usually helps one’s relatives, then one lost the money, or one found a more urgent need for it, then one would not be sinful for not offering it to one’s relatives. Allah, ta^ala, said in the Qur’an, in Ayahs 22-23 of Surat Muhammad, what means: “Dispraise those who blaspheme and cut off the ties of kinship.” Also, al-Bukhariyy related that the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said what means: “The one who severs the ties with the relatives will not be among...

Gossip and Fabrication-Grade 5

Gossip, Fabrication and Tale-Bearing   Allah, ta^ala, said in the Qur’an, Ayah 8 of Surat Qaf, what means: “Whatever one says, be it good or evil, two angels Raqib and ^Atid write it.” The wise person should be keen to protect his tongue from everything that is evil. Among what is evil is: gossip, fabrication, and tale-bearing. These three matters are among the sins of the tongue and are bad habits. At-Tabaraniyy confirmed that one of the Companions addressed his tongue by saying what means: “O tongue, say what is good and you will gain, and keep silent about what is bad before you regret it. I heard the Messenger of Allah saying: ‘Most of the human’s sins are from his tongue.’” Gossip means to mention a matter related to a Muslim in his absence in a way...

Arrogance, Enmity and Envy-Grade 5

Arrogance, Enmity and Envy   Arrogance and having enmity for, and envy of, Muslims are all sins of the heart. These are bad attributes, of which many people are unaware, because they do not know what they are or how to avoid them. Arrogance is to reject the truth and to look down on people. In a Hadith related by Muslim, the Prophet, may God raise his rank, said what means: “Arrogance is rejecting the truth and looking down on others.” What is understood from this hadith is that arrogance is rejecting what one knows is right, because the person saying it is young, poor, a student, or weak. Looking down on people is like being arrogant with a poor person, because he is poor. Thus, the arrogant refuses to speak with him or talks to him in a haughty way....

Loving God and His Messenger-Grade 5

Loving God and His Messenger   Love and hate are among the actions of the heart. It is obligatory upon the pubescent person to use these two emotions in accordance with the rules of the Religion. One must love Allah and what is in accordance with the rules of Islam. Also, one must hate the devil and what he whispers of sinful matters. The pubescent person is obligated to love Allah, His Qur’an, and His Prophet. This is done by following the orders of Islam and avoiding its unlawful matters. Allah, ta^ala said in Ayah 31 of Suratu Al ^Imran what means: “Say (O Muhammad): If you love Allah, then follow me, and Allah will love you.” This is an essential part of believing in Allah, what He revealed, and believing in the Prophet and what he brought. The doubt in...

Subjugating Oneself to Allah-Grade 5

Patience and Subjugating Oneself to Allah   Allah, ta^ala, said in the Qur’an, Ayah 153 of Suratul-Baqarah, what means: “Strengthen yourselves by patience and prayer, and know that God supports the patient people.” Patience is among the obligations of the heart. It is of three kinds: 1-   Patience in performing what Allah made obligatory; 2-   Patience in avoiding what Allah made unlawful; 3-   Patience with hardships and calamities Patience in performing the obligations is forcing oneself to perform the obligations like praying on time, fasting the month of Ramadan, attending the circles of knowledge to learn the Islamic obligatory knowledge, and other obligations, even if one feels lazy to do them. Patience in avoiding what Allah made unlawful is...

Sincerity in Obedience-Grade 5

Sincerity in Obedience, Insincerity in Performing the Good Deeds and Priding Oneself in Obeying God   Sincerity in obeying Allah is among the obligations of the heart. It is also one of the good characteristics. Sincerity in obeying Allah is doing the good deeds for the sake of Allah only. It is not doing them seeking the praise and respect of people. Allah made sincerity a condition for the acceptance of the good deeds. Allah, ta^ala, said in the Qur’an, Ayah 110 of Suratul-Kahf, what means: “Let the one who believes in the Day of Judgment do good deeds without seeking the praise of the people by doing so.” The sincere person is the one who performs the good deeds—be it praying, fasting, Hajj, Zakah, or reciting Qur’an—seeking the reward from Allah, and not...

Hajj and ^Umrah-Grade 5

Hajj and ^Umrah   Allah said, in Ayah 97 of Surat Al-^Imran, what means: “Allah made Hajj to the Ka^bah obligatory upon those who are able.” Hajj is among the most important matters of Islam. Performing Hajj and Umrah once in a lifetime is obligatory upon the Muslim who is free, accountable, and able. Performing them repeatedly after that time is considered sunnah. Hajj has a special merit that other acts of obedience do not have, in that it clears one of all sins, enormous and small. The Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said what means: “Whoever performs Hajj without copulating or committing enormous sins is clear of his sins, as he was on the day his mother gave birth to him.” For this special merit to hold, one’s intention must be sincere to Allah,...

Zakah-Grade 5

Zakah   Allah said, in the Quran in Ayah 43 of Suratul-Baqarah, what means: “Perform the prayers and perform Zakah.” According to the Arabic language, Zakah means purification and growth. Islamically, it is the name for that which is paid in a specific way, as a result of having money, or one being alive. It was given this name because money grows by the blessing of giving Zakah, and because it purifies the one who gives it from being sinful. Zakah is among the major matters of Islam. During the second year after the migration, Allah made it obligatory.  Among the items that Zakah is obligatory on are: 1. Camels, cattle, sheep, and goats;  2. The staple crops. These are crops that one stores to eat in other than times of necessity, like wheat, barley, and...

Fasting-Grave 5

Fasting   Allah made it obligatory upon every accountable and able Muslim to fast the month of Ramadan. Allah said in the Quran, in Ayah 183 of Suratul Baqarah, what means “He (Allah) made fasting obligatory upon you.” Fasting the month of Ramadan was made obligatory during the month of Sha^ban in the second year after immigration. It is a great obligation and among the most important matters of Islam. The Muslims look forward to this month because it is the month of goodness, obedience, and blessings. It is also the best month of the year, and in it is the best night of the year, the Night of Qadr. Fasting is abstaining from anything that invalidates the fast during the day, along with having made the intention during the night. It is an obligation upon...

The Friday Prayer-Grade 5

The Friday Prayer   Friday is the best day of the week. In a Hadith narrated by Muslim, the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said what means: “Friday is the best day on which the Sun ever rose. In it Adam was created, admitted into Paradise, and taken out of it.” Allah, ta^ala, made it obligatory to pray the Friday prayer during this day. As a result, the Muslims in all the different countries gather in the main masjid of their town to pray this prayer. The Friday Prayer is a personal obligation upon the free, residing, pubescent, and unexcused males. Among what is considered an Islamic excuse is for the person to be sick, in a way that going to the mosque is a serious hardship on him. It is an obligation to pray the Friday Prayer in congregation if...

Congregational Prayer-Grade 5

Congregational Prayer           The Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, encouraged performing the congregational prayer. He ordered the people to pray the five prayers in congregation in a way that anyone who wants to pray in congregation can easily find the place to do so. When people gather in obedience to Allah, great benefits do occur. Ibn Majah, at-Tirmidhiyy, and Ahmad ibn Hanbal related that the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said what means: “The congregational prayer has 27 times more reward than the prayer of an individual.” Praying every obligatory prayer in congregation is a communal obligation upon the free, residing, pubescent, and unexcused men. Whoever wants to pray the congregational prayer steps forward to lead the others in prayer....

Invalidators of Prayer-Grade 5

Invalidators of Prayer           During prayer, the Muslim should be God-fearing and should avoid anything that invalidates his prayer. The invalidators of the prayer include: 1.The praying person uttering words which do not include mentioning Allah. Uttering two letters or any letter that carries a meaning, while remembering that one is praying, invalidates one’s prayer;  2.Performing many moves that last for the duration of one rak^ah. According to some scholars, three consecutive moves invalidate the prayer;  3.Eating, even if it is little, like a sesame seed, except if one forgets;  4.Drinking while remembering that one is in the prayer, even if it is little, like swallowing a drop of water on one’s lips;  5.Performing one move, with the purpose of playing;...

Conditions for the Validity of the Prayer-Grade 5

Conditions for the Validity of the Prayer   The conditions of prayer are the matters that are not party of the prayer, but must be satisfied before starting the prayer. There are eight conditions. 1.The first is Islam: prayer is not valid from a blasphemer;  2.The second is to be mumayyiz; in other words, to be at the age of mental discrimination, the age at which the child understands when addressed and answers when asked;  3.The third is to be pure from both ritual impurities. One must have wudu’ and be clear of the states of minor and major ritual impurity;  4.The fourth is having one’s clothes, body, place, and what one is carrying be pure. If one prays while carrying in one’s pocket a piece of cloth that had najas­-filth on it, one’s prayer is invalid;...

The Integrals of Prayer-Grade 5

The Integrals of Prayer and Its Recommended Matters           Prayer has integrals and recommended matters. The integrals are those matters that are part of the prayer, and if not done, the prayer is invalid. The recommended matters are the rewardable matters which, if left out, do not invalidate the prayer. They are done following in the footsteps of the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam. There are 17 integrals of prayer. 1.First, to have the intention in the heart of performing the prayer and of its obligation when obligatory, and to specify the prayer which is performed for a particular reason or time;  2.Second, to say “Allahu abkar,” hearing oneself while having the intention in the heart;  3.Third, to stand for the obligatory prayer, when able. If...

Times of Prayer-Grade 5

Times of Prayer   Allah, ta^ala said, in Ayah 103 of Suratun-Nisa’, what means: “Certainly, the [obligatory] prayers have been prescribed to the believers to be performed at specific times.” After the belief in Allah and His Messenger, the prayer is the best deed. Allah made five prayers obligatory upon every pubescent, sane Muslim within the night and day. One has to be keen to perform them. Also, one must learn how the time of each prayer begins and how it ends. The Noon Prayer (Dhuhr) begins when the sun declines westward from the middle of the sky. It ends when the shadow of an object becomes equal to the length of that object, plus the length of its shadow, when the sun has reached its zenith. The object may be a straight wooden stick that is plunged...

The Ritual Impurity-Grade 5

The Ritual Impurity and the Obligatory Purifactory Bath   The ritual impurity is of two kinds: minor ritual impurity and major ritual impurity. The minor ritual impurity is the occurrence of whatever invalidates the wudu’, such as emitting gas, urine, or feces. The major ritual impurity is the occurrence of any of the five matters that mandate the purifactory bath, which are: Emitting maniyy (semen) Sexual intercourse Menstruation Postpartum bleeding, or Giving birth There are two integrals for the purifactory obligatory bath. The first is the intention, when the water touches the first part of the body. So one intends for example: “I intend to do the obligatory purifactory bath,” or “I intend to remove the state of major ritual impurity.” The second...

Instinja’-Grade 5

Instinja’   It is obligatory to make istinja’ from every wet material emitted from the eliminatory outlets, like urine or feces. Istinja’ is performed using pure and purifying water or a solid, dry, uprooting and unrespectable material, like a stone or paper. If one wishes to perform istinja’ by water, then, when cleaning oneself from feces, one pours the water on the outlet and rubs with one’s left hand until the najas-filth is removed. This makes the place pure. If one is performing istinja’ using rocks and the like, such as paper, one must be using a solid, dry, uprooting, pure, unrespectable material, such as a rock or paper, and wipe the outlet three times. If the three wipes are not enough to clean the area, one wipes more until the place becomes...

The Invalidators of Wudu’-Grade 5

The Invalidators of Wudu’   The invalidators of wudu’ are matters which break wudu’. When one’s wudu’ is invalidated, one must make wudu’ again to pray. The invalidators are several. Materials exiting from the eliminatory outlets, such as urine, feces, gas, or stomach worms, all invalidate the wudu’. Touching the anus, vagina, or penis with one’s bare palm, or touching the skin of the marriageable woman without a barrier, also results in one’s wudu’ being invalidated. In addition, losing one’s mind by craziness, fainting, or intoxication, or sleeping without having ones buttocks firmly seated, are invalidators. If, however, one slept without a gap between one’s buttocks and the floor, then one’s wudu’ would not be invalid. The person who loses his wudu’ is...

Ablution (wudu’)-Grade 5

Ablution: Its Integrals and Recommended Matters   Ablution is a condition for the validity of prayer. Allah said in the Quran, in Ayah 6 of Suratul Ma’idah, what means, “When you want to pray, wash your face, your hands and forearms up to and including your elbows, wet wipe your heads, and wash your feet up to and including the ankles” Wudu’ has six integrals. It is not valid if any of them are left out. The first integral is the intention, which takes place in the heart. It should also be simultaneous with washing the first part of the face. One says: “I now intend to make wudu’,” or the like. Next, one washes the entire face, from the normal hairline to the chin, and from one ear to the other. After, one washes the hands, up to and including the elbows....

Purification from Najas-Filth-Grade 5

Purification from Najas-Filth   Among what is considered najas-filthy are urine, feces, blood, pus, vomit, alcohol, and the maytah, including its bones and hair. The corpse of a dead human is not najas-filthy. The najas-filth is divided into two types: detectable and undetectable. Detectable najas-filth is the najas-filth, the entity, color, taste, or smell of which is detectable, such as a drop of blood on clothing. This najas-filthy area can be purified by pouring water on it, which is pure and purifying, until the entity and properties of the najas-filth are removed. Undetectable najas-filth is the type of najas-filth that no longer has a color, taste, or smell. An example is urine that has dried on clothing without leaving any of its properties; in other...

The Actions of the Accountable-Grade 5

The Islamic Judgment Concerning the Actions of the Accountable   The Islamic Judgments are divided into seven types: The obligatory, recommended, prohibited, disliked, permissible, valid, and invalid. The obligatory judgment is that which the doer will receive the reward for, and the neglector of which deserves punishment. This, in turn, is divided into two subdivisions: the personal obligation and the communal obligation. The Personal Obligation is what is obligatory upon every accountable person, like the five prayers. The Communal Obligation is also an obligation. If some perform it, then others would be relieved from it. Examples are: the congregational prayer, memorizing the entire book of the Qur’an, and working in the beneficial handiwork that the...

Believing in the Qadar-Grade 5

Believing in the Qadar   Allah, ta^ala, said in the Qur’an, Ayah 49 of Suratul-Qamar, which means: “Allah creates everything according to His Destining.” In a Hadith related by Muslim, the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said what means: “Belief is to believe in Allah, His angels, His Books, His messengers, the Day of Judgment, and to believe in the qadar (in other words, destining), both good and evil.” In the past lessons, we have discussed some of what was mentioned in this hadith. This information is among what the Prophet taught us. It is obligatory that we believe in these teachings. Believing in the qadar (good and evil) means to believe in everything that comes into existence, be it good or evil, is by the Eternal Will of Allah. The good...

Blasphemy after Belief-Grade 5

Blasphemy after Belief       Blasphemy is the opposite of belief, just as darkness is the opposite of light. It is of three types: The first is tasbhih, which is likening Allah to the creation. An example would be if one were to say or believe that Allah sits on the Throne, or resides in the sky or any other place. The second type is takdhib, which is intentionally contradicting what he knows to be from the honorable Qur’an or what was undeniably revealed by the Prophet and known by every Muslim scholar, like negating the resurrection of the bodies and souls, or negating the obligation of prayer, fasting, or pilgrimage. The third type is ta^til, which is negating or denying the existence of Allah. This type is the most blasphemous. As for...

Believing in the Prophet (Part IV)

Believing in What the Prophet Conveyed (Part IV): Paradise and Hellfire   Among what the Prophet conveyed, and is obligatory to believe in, is Paradise and Hellfire. Paradise is the abode of peace, enjoyment, and happiness. Allah prepared it for the Muslims. It contains rivers of pure honey, milk, and non-intoxicating wine, different from the wine of this world, and other everlasting enjoyment. The enjoyment in Paradise is by both body and soul. Paradise has different levels, some of which are higher than the others. The highest level is the level of the prophets. The people of Paradise will not grieve, grow old, or die. They will be forever in Paradise, will never leave it, and will enjoy it everlasting bliss. In a Hadith related by Ibn Hibban, the...

Believing in the Prophet (Part III)-Grade 5

Believing in What the Prophet Conveyed (Part III): The Bridge, the Basin, and Intercession Among what the Prophet conveyed and is obligatory to believe in is the Bridge, the Basin, and Intercession. The Bridge is a bridge that stretches above Hellfire, which all the people will cross. One of its sides is on the changed Earth and the other side is before Paradise and after Hellfire. The people will approach it to cross it, but the blasphemers will not be able to get across. The blasphemers will fall of it into Hellfire. The Muslims, on the other hand, are of two categories. One category will not need to step on the bridge but rather, they will fly over it. Another category will step on it. Some of these will fall into Hellfire, and some will cross it safely. The...

Believing in the Prophet (Part II)

Believing in What the Prophet Conveyed (Part II): The Day of Judgment, Resurrection, and Assembly Among what the Prophet conveyed, and is obligatory to believe in, is the Day of Judgment, Resurrection, and Assembly. The Day of Judgment is also called the Qiyamah Day. It begins when the people come out of their graves, and lasts until the people of Paradise reside in Paradise, and the people of Hell in Hell. On that day, the sun will be very close to the heads of the people. Also, many hardships will occur from which the pious Muslims will be saved. The people will be gathered on the Day of Judgment, and their deeds will be presented to them. Also, their deeds will be weighed on the balance. One pan will hold the good deeds and one pan will hold the bad deeds....

Believing in the Prophet (Part I)-Grade 5

Believing in What the Prophet Conveyed (Part I): The Torture and Enjoyment in the Grave and The Questioning by the Two Angels, Munkar and Nakir   Allah said in the Qur’an, Ayahs 3-4 of Surat Najm, what means: “He, Prophet Muhammed, does not convey to the people at of his own inclinations. Rather, he conveys what Allah reveals to him.” Allah sent Prophet Muhammad, the son of ^Abdullah, the son of ^Abdul Muttalib, with the true religion. Allah ordered Muhammad to convey the message to the people, which he fulfilled. He conveyed the message truthfully and bravely. Everything that the Prophet told is true and right, whether it is among the issues of halal or haram. The stories of prophets are matters that will happen in the future during this life and in the...

Miracles and Karamahs-Grade 5

Miracles and Karamahs   The miracle is an extraordinary act. It is not a usual event that happens in everyday life or to anyone. Miracles are only for prophets and are always in agreement with what they say. So, no one can do anything that is equal or similar to a miracle to discredit a prophet. Examples of miracles include the falling of water from between the fingers of Prophet Muhammad, and the transformation of the staff of Prophet Musa into a giant snake. So a strange matter that is not extraordinary is not considered a miracle, such as the flying of an airplane. Also, an extraordinary matter that is not accompanied by a claim of prophethood is not considered a miracle. Examples are the extraordinary matters that occur to highly righteous Muslims. These...

The Order of Creation after the Water-Grade 5

The Order of Creation after the Water and the Throne   After Allah created the water and the Throne, He created the Upper Pen, then the Guarded Tablet, and then the rest of the creations. It was narrated in the description of the Guarded Tablet that it is a white pearl, the edge of which is made of red ruby. Its width is the traveling distance of five hundred years. Allah ordered the Pen to write. The pen writes by the Will of Allah, without anyone holding it. It wrote on the guarded tablet what was and what will be in this life, until its end. 50,000 years after this event, Allah created the heavens and earth in six days. No person and no drop of water falls except in accordance of what was written in the guarded tablet. The Earth that we are on is one of...

The First Creation: Water-Grade 5

The First Creation: Water   It was related by Al-Bukhariyy that when Prophet Muhammad, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, was asked how this universe started to exist, he said: “Allah existed [eternally] and nothing else existed with Him. He created the ^Arsh and placed it above the water. Then He ordered the pen to write in the Guarded Tablet everything that would happen. Then Allah created the heavens and Earth.” The Prophet answered this question first by stating that Allah’s Existence does not have a beginning; in other words, He is eternal. There is no one attributed with eternity other than Him. In other words, nothing existed eternally except Allah, and Allah created everything; in other words, He brought all the creation from non-existence into existence....

The Attributes of Allah-Grade 5

The Attributes of Allah   The scholars said that it is obligatory upon every accountable person to know thirteen Attributes of Allah. They are: Existence, Oneness, Eternity, Everlastingness, Non-neediness of Others, Power, Will, Knowledge, Hearing, Sight, Life, Speech and Non-resemblance to the creation. The explanation of these attributes is as follows: 1.Existence: It is obligatory to believe that Allah exists and that there is no doubt in His Existence. He exists without a place. Time does not lapse on Allah.  2.Oneness: Allah is One without any partners. He is One in His Self, His Attributes, and His Actions.  3.Eternity: Allah is Eternal; there is no beginning to His Existence. He has existed eternally before the creation.  4.Everlastingness: Allah is...

The Oneness of Allah-Grade 5

The Oneness of Allah   Allah, ta^ala, said in the Qur’an, Ayah 11 of Suratush-Shams, what means: “Nothing resembles Him (Allah) in any way.” This means that Allah, ta^ala, does not resemble any of His creations. It was related that a group of Jews came to the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, and said: “O Muhammad, describe to us your Lord Whom you worship.” Then Suratul-Ikhlas was revealed, and Prophet Muhammad said, “This is the description of my Lord.” The questioning of the Jews was with the intent of mockery and not to seek the knowledge. The answer of the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, indicates that Allah is attributed with attributes, and just as Allah Himself does not resemble His creation, His Attributes do not resemble the attributes...

Allah is the Creator of This World-Grade 5

Allah is the Creator of This World   Allah, ta^ala, said in the Qur’an, Ayah 10 of Surah Ibrahim, what means: “There is no doubt about the existence of Allah.” The first obligation on the accountable person is to know about Allah, ta^ala. Allah is the Creator of all the existent things and is the One Who manages all the creation. If, with our sound mind, we carefully think about all the creations and ponder about their existence, we must know that they have a Creator Who created them.           The mental proof that Allah exists is that with the sound mind, we know irrefutably that every writing has to have a writer, the act of hitting has to have a hitter, and that a building has to have a builder. Therefore, it follows that this universe with all the...

The Accountable (Mukallaf)-Grade 5

The Accountable (Mukallaf)   Islamically, the mukallaf—the accountable person—is the one who is pubescent, sane and has received the message of Islam. Pubescence happens when one reaches the age of 15 lunar years, or otherwise. The sane person is the one who has not lost one’s mind. For one to be accountable, it is a condition that one receives the call of Islam. This means that if the person is pubescent and sane, he becomes mukallaf simply by receiving the message of Islam, which is “No one is God except Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.” The non-Muslim mukallaf is obligated to embrace Islam, perform all the obligations and avoid all the sins. From this, it is understood that the young child is not accountable until he reaches pubescence....

The True Belief-Grade 5

The True Belief     Allah, ta^ala, said in the Qur’an, Ayah 102 of Suratu Al-^Imran means: “O believers, fear Allah properly (as you should) and do not die but as Muslims.” Islam is the true Religion that the sound mind supports, and it is appropriate for every age and time. It is the Religion of all the prophets from the first of them, Adam, to the final one, Muhammad, may peace be upon them all. Allah sent the prophets to guide the people to what is good and beneficial, to guide them to piety, and to teach them to be steadfast on this Religion until the end of their lives. Piety occurs by doing all the obligations and avoiding all the sins. Whoever achieves this state becomes a pious person. The first among these obligations is knowing and believing...

The Prayer of the Late Follower-Grade 4

The Prayer of the Late Follower   The Prophet, may Allah raise his rank and protect his nation from which he fears for them, urged us to do our prayers in congregation and showed its merit over praying individually. In a Hadith related by al-Bukhariyy and Muslim, he said what means: “The reward of the prayer conducted in congregation is equivalent to 27 times the reward of praying alone.” The masbuq—also known as the late follower—is the person who joins the congregational prayer while the imam is still standing for the recitation, but at a time that is not enough for this person to finish reciting the Fatihah before the imam bows for ruku^. Also, he is one who catches up with the imam after the first standing position, such as in ruku^, sujud or tashahhud....

The Friday Prayer-Grade 4

The Friday Prayer   The Friday prayer is a personal obligation upon the free, residing, pubescent, sane and unexcused Muslim males, if they are forty or more in number. They must also be living in buildings, and not in tents. This means that if the number of these Muslim men was under 40 or they live in tents, like the Bedouins, then performing the Friday prayer is not an obligation upon them. An Islamically acceptable excuse for missing the Friday prayer is if the person is very sick, and finds it very hard to get to the place where the Friday prayer is performed. The Friday prayer is two rak^ahs prayed instead of the Dhuhr prayer, but loudly. Its conditions are: –         For it to be prayed after the noon prayer time has set in and within its time;...

The Congregational Prayer-Grade 4

The Congregational Prayer   Every day, Muslims pray five prayers in congregation in the mosques. There are some rules of the congregational prayer that should be observed. The follower must stand behind the leader—their imam—in prayer, and must not say the first takbirah, except after the imam says it. The follower should make the intention to pray in congregation by saying in the heart, for example, “I now intend to pray the obligatory Noon prayer, in congregation.” If praying a soft-recitation prayer, the follower and the imam recite with a low voice in their prayer. In the loud recitation prayer (after the imam finishes reciting the Fatihah), the follower recites the Fatihah with a low voice, and then he listens to the remaining loud recitation of the...

The Soft and Loud-Recitation Prayers-Grade 4

The Soft-Recitation Prayer and the Loud-Recitation Prayer   The prayers with the loud recitation are the Dawn, Sunset and Nightfall prayers. In these prayers, the person praying alone says the Fatihah, the word “Amin” after it and the verses afterwards, in a loud voice, in the first two rak^ahs. The two prayers with the soft recitation are the Noon and Mid-Afternoon prayers. In these prayers, the person does not say anything in a loud voice. However, he has to hear his recitation. If a prayer was not done in its due time, the person has to make it up. If a person missed one of the loud-recitation prayers like the Dawn prayer, and prayed it at the time of a soft-recitation prayer, like the Noon prayer, he does it with a low voice, before praying the Noon...

The Invalidators of the Prayer-Grade 4

The Invalidators of the Prayer   There are matters that invalidate the prayer. These matters should be known, in order to avoid them. Some of these invalidators are. –         Speaking on purpose: this means if a person who is praying says other than the prayer’s statements, even two letters or one meaningful letter (unless one forgets and speaks a little), one’s prayer becomes invalid. However, mentioning Allah does not invalidate the prayer;   –         Eating or drinking also invalidates the prayer: this means if a person, while remembering that he is praying, eats or drinks on purpose, the prayer becomes invalid even if he ate something as tiny as a sesame seed;   –         Also among the invalidators is moving a lot: this...

The Recommended Deeds of Prayer-Grade 4

The Recommended Deeds of Prayer   The recommended deeds in the prayer are many. If a person leaves them out, his prayer is still valid. However, if a person does the recommended deeds in the prayer, he will have reward of doing them. That is why the Muslim should do them in the prayer. Some of the recommended deeds are: –         Placing the right hand over the left hand while placing both over the navel and under the chest; –         Reciting the opening du^a—supplication—in the first rak^ah before saying the Fatihah; –         Reciting from the Qur’an, even if it is a short surah or even one ayah after saying the Fatihah, in the first two rak^ah. This is for a person who is praying alone, or following the imam but does not hear the imam’s...

The Integrals of Prayer-Grade 4

The Integrals of Prayer   Each prayer has integrals and recommended matters. The prayer is not valid without its integrals. The recommended matters are rewardable matters within the prayer, which, if left out, does not invalidate the prayer valid, but lessens the reward. The integrals of prayer are seventeen: 1.To have intention in the heart of performing the prayer. One has to intend that the prayer is an obligatory prayer if it is so, and to specify the prayer that is performed for a particular reason or time;  2.To say “Allahu Akbar” loud enough to hear oneself;  3.To stand for the obligatory prayer when able;  4.To recite al-Fatihah including “Bismillah ar-Rahman ar-Rahim,” doubling the letters properly and avoiding the error (lahn) whether or not it...

The Conditions for the Validity of Prayer-Grade 4

The Conditions for the Validity of Prayer   The conditions of the prayer are matters that must be met by the performer of the prayer before starting it. Some of these conditions are: –         Islam: this means that the prayer performed by a non-Muslim is not valid; –         Reaching the age of mental discrimination. This is the age at which the child can understand when spoken to and can answer when asked; –         Ablution is a must for the person who wants to pray; otherwise the prayer will not be valid; –         Having purity in the clothing, body, and place is important, because the place where the person is praying should be pure from any non-exempt najas-filth. –         One must also cover the unlawful nakedness. This...

The Obligatory Prayers-Grade 4

The Obligatory Prayers and Their Times   The prayers that are obligatory for every day and night are five. The first is the Noon Prayer (Dhuhr). It is four cycles and its time begins when the sun has declined westward from the middle of the sky. It remains until the length of the shadow of an object becomes equal to that of the object, in addition to the length of the shadow cast by the object when the sun was at its zenith. The second is the Mid-Afternoon Prayer (^Asr), which is also four cycles and its time begins after Dhuhr ends, and remains until sunset. The third is the Sunset Prayer (Maghrib), which is three cyles; its time begins after the sunset—in other words, when ^Asr ends—and remains until the redness disappears in the western horizon. The...

The Call for the Prayer-Grade 4

The Call for the Prayer and the Call to Start the Prayer   When the prayer time sets in, it is a rewardable deed for a Muslim to call for the prayer with a raised voice. This is called the Adhan. The person who calls Muslims for prayer stands, after performing ablution, in a high place facing the Qiblah and says the Adhan. In the call for the dawn prayer (Fajr), the caller adds after saying the second Hayya ^alal Falah, what means: “Prayer is better than sleep; prayer is better than sleep.” “As-Salatu khayrum-min anawm; As-Salatu khayrum min- anawm.” It is a rewardable deed for the Muslims hearing the call to the prayer to repeat after the caller the same words, except when he says “Hayya ^alal Salah” and “Hayya ^ala al-Falah”; instead, one would say: “La...