Gossip and Fabrication-Grade 4

Gossip and Fabrication   In a Hadith related by Muslim, the Prophet, may Allah raise his rank, asked the Companions, “Do you know what gossip is?” The Companions said, “Allah and His Messenger knows best.” The Prophet said, “It is you mentioning about your Muslim brother whatever he does not like.” The Companions asked, “Is it still gossip even if what I mention about my brother is true?” The Prophet answered, “If you mention about him what is true of him, then you did gossip; but if you mention about him what is not true of him, then you have done fabrication.” In this Hadith, the Prophet, may Allah raise his rank, defined two kinds of sins of the tongue: gossip and fabrication. So, gossip is to talk about your Muslim brother behind his back, about things...

Loving One Another for the Sake of Allah-Grade 4

Loving One Another for the Sake of Allah   Prophet Muhammad, may Allah raise his rank, said which means: “Allah, the Exalted, said, ‘The ones who love each other for my sake will have illuminated platforms in the Hereafter.’” Another authentic Hadith relates that which means: “Allah will protect seven kinds of people from the strong heat of the sun on the Day of Judgment by placing them under the shade of the grand ^Arsh.” One of the seven is “two people who love one another for the sake of Allah.” To love one another for the sake of Allah is for the Muslim to love for his brother Muslim the goodness that he loves himself. This means he does not cheat him by deeds or words. If he finds his brother Muslim in a good state, he is happy for him. However, if he...

Keeping Ties with the Kin-Grade 4

Keeping Ties with the Kin   In asking Prophet Muhammad, may Allah raise his rank, a question, a Companion of the Prophet said, “O Messenger of Allah, guide me to a deed that will grant me paradise if I do it.” The Prophet replied what means: “Feed the poor, keep ties with your kin, and pray at night while people are asleep; (by this) you shall enter Paradise in peace.” This Hadith was related by Ibn Hibban. This Hadith also tells us that if the Muslim does these deeds, he shall enter Paradise without being punished. One of these deeds is to keep ties with his kin. A kin is every relative from the father’s side or mother’s side of the family. Al-Bukariyy related that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said what means: “The person who breaks ties with his or her...

Immense Harming of the Parents-Grade 4

Immense Harming of the Parents   In a Hadith related by al-Bukhariyy, the Prophet, may Allah raise his rank, said what means: “The person who commits ^uquq against his parents will not be among the first to enter Paradise.” ^Uquq against one’s parents means to hurt the parents immensely in any way, causing them a lot of pain. For example, it is ^uquq to hit them or swear at them or curse them. This is one of the enormous sins. Among the ^uquq against one’s parents is for one to help the father wrong the mother, or to help the mother wrong the father. This is also forbidden and is among the greatest sins. One’s ^uquq against the mother is a worse sin than one’s ^uquq against the father. On the other hand, kind treatment of the mother is more rewarding than...

Stealing and Trustworthiness-Grade 4

Stealing and Trustworthiness   Allah, the Exalted, said in Suratul Ma’idah, Ayah 38, what means: “Cut the hands of the male and female thieves as a punishment from Allah for what they did.” Stealing is to take another person’s belongings or money stealthily, and without the owner’s approval. This is a sin and a harmful illness in the society. When a person has weak faith, and sees someone else’s belongings or money, he may be tempted to take part of it. For example, this person may say to himself, “I will take only a small amount of it; the owner is rich and he will not miss the small amount I have taken.” Also, he may say to himself, “If the money box is open in front of me, then I will take from it what I want and no one will know about it.” He may also...

Honesty and Lying-Grade 4

Honesty and Lying       Al-Bukhariyy and Muslim related that the Prophet, may Allah raise his rank, said what means: “Truthfulness leads to piety and piety leads to Paradise. The Muslim who continues to be truthful will then be recorded in the book of Allah as a truthful person. Lying leads to bad deeds and bad deeds lead to hellfire. The Muslim who continues to lie will be recorded in the book of Allah as a liar.” In this honorable saying, the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, urged us to speak the truth and warned us against lying. Lying is saying what is different from the truth. This act is forbidden, whether it is done in a serious or in a joking manner. If a Muslim knowingly says what is different from the truth, then he has fallen into the sin of...

Insincerity-Grade 4

Insincerity   Ahmad ibn Hanbal related that the Prophet, may Allah raise his rank, said what means: “Certainly, I fear most for you to commit the smaller shirk.” The Companions asked, “What is the smaller shirk?” The Messenger of Allah answered, “Insincerity.” Insincerity is doing the good deed to gain praise from the people. This is the opposite of sincerity in obeying Allah. Sincerity is performing acts of worship and obeying Allah to gain His reward alone. Al-Bukhariyy and Muslim related that the Prophet, may Allah raise his rank said, what means: “The good deeds are accepted when done with proper intentions.” So, if the pubescent Muslim does the prayers so that the people will say good things about him, such as “This person prays a lot” or “This person...

Zakah-Grade 4

Zakah   Allah said in Surat an-Nur, Ayah 56, what means: “Perform the prayers and pay Zakah.” Allah has ordered the Muslim who has money, on which Zakah is due, to pay a small amount from that money to the poor Muslims and others whom Allah has mentioned in the Qur’an. Allah, ta^ala, said in Surat at-Tawbah, Ayah 60, what means: “Zakah is to be paid to faqirs, miskins, the Zakah workers, the Muslims whose hearts need reconciliation, the slaves who made the mukatabah contract for their freedom, the Muslims who cannot pay their debts, the volunteer fighters, and the Muslim traveler who does not have enough money to return to his hometown.” The Faqirs are the Muslims who have less than half of their basic needs. The Miskins are Muslims who have more than half...

Fasting the month of Ramadan-Grade 4

Fasting the Blessed Month of Ramadan     Allah said in Suratul Baqarah, Ayah 185, what means: “The month of Ramadan is the month in which the Qur’an with all the clear guidance it contains was sent down in full (from the guarded tablet to the first sky, and then to the Prophet little by little). So whoever among you is alive in the month of Ramadan must fast it.” Fasting is a great act of worship that Allah ordained on Muslims to do in the month of Ramadan of every year. Fasting Ramadan will be rewarded greatly by Allah, the Exalted. Fasting is refraining from eating and drinking and all other things that may invalidate the fast in the time between dawn and sunset. The intention to fast has to be made before dawn. One says in the heart, “I intend to...

Making Up Prayers-Grade 4

Making Up Prayers   Al-Bukhariyy related that the Messenger of Allah said what means: “Whoever misses a prayer due to sleep or forgetting, let him pray it when he remembers it. Nothing else can be done to make up for it.” So, if a person slept through the whole time of a prayer, he still has to do the prayer when he wakes up. Also, if a Muslim forgets to do a prayer and remembers after the time of that prayer has passed, then the Muslim must still make up that missed prayer. However, if a Muslim misses many prayers the number of which he does now know exactly, he is obliged to make up the missed prayers until he is almost sure that there are no more prayers that are due on him. The good, pious Muslim does not neglect making up the prayers he has missed. He...

Enjoyment in the Hereafter-Grade 4

Enjoyment in the Hereafter       Allah said in Surat Luqman, Ayah 8, what means: “Certainly those who believed and did the good deeds will have enjoyable gardens (in Paradise).” Allah has promised the believers who performed the obligations and avoided the prohibitions the wide gardens of Paradise, in which there is an everlasting enjoyment. Paradise has wide rivers of milk, honey, water and non-intoxicating wine (khamr), which is not like the wine of this life. Paradise also contains fragrant perfumes, and has beautiful trees and huge castles. In Paradise, all the believers will be of the same age, 33 years old; even those people who died very old or very young. In addition, all blasphemers who did not hear the call of Islam—which is that no one deserves to be...

Reward and Punishment-Grade 4

Reward and Punishment   Allah said in Suratul-Infitar, Ayahs 13-14, what means: “Pious Muslims will have enjoyments in Paradise. Blasphemers will have punishment in Hellfire.” It is an obligation to believe that Allah will reward the believers for their good deeds and will punish the non-believers for their blasphemy, as well as for other sins they committed. Also, Allah will punish whomever He wills of the Muslim sinners in the Hereafter. The reward is whatever will please the believer in the Hereafter. Examples are: Drinking from the Basin of the Prophet, peace be upon him, crossing the Bridge safely, and then entering Paradise, the place of everlasting enjoyment. As for the punishment, it is whatever agonizes people in the Hereafter, like the subjection of the...

Believing in Our Master Muhammad-Grade 4

Believing in What Our Master Muhammad Conveyed   Allah said in Suratul-Hashr, Ayah 7, what means: “Take whatever the Messenger orders and refrain from whatever he forbids.” In this ayah, Allah, the Exalted, orders us to obey and follow the teachings of the Messenger, peace be upon him. This means for us to obey his command in what he told us to do and what he told us not to do, because the Messenger is truthful in all what he conveyed. Allah said in Suratun-Najm, Ayahs 3-4, what means: “The Messenger does not speak from his own mind. The Messenger says what is revealed to him from Allah.” Everything that the Messenger, peace be upon him, informed is valid and true. This includes all matters that are permissible and forbidden. Also are true the stories he...

Miracles and Sorcery-Grade 4

The Difference Between Miracles and Sorcery   Allah created humans and gave them a mind, by which they distinguish between good and bad. He also sent for them Prophets to guide them to the true path of success. However, many people are stubborn and refuse to accept the truth. They are people who do not use their minds for that which they were created. Certainly, Allah supported his honorable messengers with miracles. A miracle is an extraordinary act. It is not a usual event that happens in everyday life or to everyone. Miracles are only for prophets and are always in agreement with what they say. So, none of the people can do anything which is equal or similar to a miracle to discredit a Prophet. Such miracles include the flowing of water from between the...

Prophets and Messengers-Grade 4

The Difference Between Prophets and Messengers             There is a difference between a prophet and a messenger. A Prophet Messenger is a Prophet to whom Allah reveals a new set of rules. On the other hand, a prophet, who is not a messenger, does not receive a new set of rules. Rather, he is ordered to teach and follow the same rules that were revealed to the Messenger before him. The scholars said: “Every Messenger is a prophet, but not every Prophet is a Messenger.” All Prophets and Messengers were ordered to convey the orders of Allah to the people and they did. Allah sent 124,000 Prophets, among them 313 Messengers. The Qur’an mentions only 25 of the prophets and messengers. They are: Adam, Hud, Yusuf, Idris, Salih, Ayyub, Nuh, Ibrahim, Shu^ayb, Isma^il,...

The Attributes of the Prophets-Grade 4

The Attributes of the Prophets           Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 86 of Suratul-‘Ambiya’, what means: “Allah favors every prophet over all humans, jinn, and angels.” Thus, the prophets are the best of Allah’s creations. They are the chosen among the humans. Allah sent them to teach the people the matters of the Religion that are good for them in this life and in the Hereafter. The prophets are attributed with good manners and fine qualities. Among their good manners are truthfulness, intelligence, trustworthiness, virtue, and courage. This means no prophet was a liar, nor was he stupid. None of them were dishonest, loose, or a coward. Prophets are not inflicted with diseases that repel people away from them. For example, worms did not come out of their...

Islam is the Religion of All Prophets-Grade 4

Islam is the Religion of All Prophets   Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 85 of Surat Al ^Imran, what means: “Whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will not be accepted from him.” Allah, the Exalted, also said in the Qur’an, what means: “Certainly, the only religion accepted by Allah is Islam.” Islam is the only true Religion. By following Islam, one is ensured happiness in the Hereafter. Allah chose truthful men and sent them as prophets to the people to teach them the creed of Islam and matters that will help them to have a good life in both this world and in the Hereafter. All the prophets were Muslims, believing that Allah is One without partners to Him. The first prophet was Adam, and the last was Muhammad, may Allah raise his rank and the rank...

Faith and Piety-Grade 4

Faith and Piety           Allah said in the Qur’an, Ayah 18 of Suratul-Hashr, what means: “Oh you who believe, have piety and prepare for the Hereafter.” Piety is fulfilling the obligations and avoiding the prohibitions. The first and greatest obligation is to believe in Allah and His Messenger, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, followed by the prayers, fasting, and the like. Blasphemy is the most enormous and serious sin. Allah will not forgive the person who dies in the state of blasphemy. However, Allah may forgive whomever He wills among the believers for sins such as lying, stealing, drinking alcohol, and accepting and using the money from usurious gain. Hence, those people who die as Muslims are divided into two groups. The first group are those Muslims who die...

The First Obligation-Grade 4

The First Obligation: Knowing Allah and His Messenger Allah said in the Qur’an, Ayah 19 of Surat Muhammad, what means: “O Muhammad, know (be steadfast) that no one is God except Allah.” The first obligation upon mankind is to know Allah and His Messenger, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam. Knowing Allah is to know what attributes befit Him, what attributes do not befit Him, and what is permissible to attribute to Him. Allah has the Perfect Attributes that befit Him, such as Knowledge, Power, and Will. It is impossible that Allah would be attributed with ignorance, weakness, and every attribute that is created, like the attributes of humans. Allah is the One Who makes creations exist. He creates all the creations. He is the One Who makes things cease to exist—in other...

The Two Testifications of Faith-Grade 4

The Two Testifications of Faith   The Two Testifications of Faith are: “Ash-hadu alla ilaha illallah, wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadar-rasulullah, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam.” It is obligatory upon one when embracing Islam to utter these Two Testifications of Faith immediately, believing in their meaning, with the intention to become Muslim. “Ash-hadu alla ilaha illallah” means “I know, believe in my heart, and declare with my tongue that nothing deserves to be worshipped except Allah. That is, no one deserves my ultimate submission and humbleness except Allah, the Exalted.” “Ash-hadu anna Muhammadar-rasulullah, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam,” means: “I know, believe in my heart, and declare with my tongue that our Master Muhammad, who is the son of ^Abdullah,...

Acts of Worship 3/3 – Grade 5

Lesson 13 Fasting     Allah made it obligatory upon every accountable and able Muslim to fast the month of Ramadan. Allah said in the Quran, in Ayah 183 of Suratul Baqarah, what means “He (Allah) made fasting obligatory upon you.” Fasting the month of Ramadan was made obligatory during the month of Sha^ban in the second year after immigration. It is a great obligation and among the most important matters of Islam. The Muslims look forward to this month because it is the month of goodness, obedience, and blessings. It is also the best month of the year, and in it is the best night of the year, the Night of Qadr. Fasting is abstaining from anything that invalidates the fast during the day, along with having made the intention during the night. It is an...

Acts of Worship 2/3 – Grade 5

Lesson 7 Times of Prayer     Allah, ta^ala said, in Ayah 103 of Suratun-Nisa’, what means: “Certainly, the [obligatory] prayers have been prescribed to the believers to be performed at specific times.” After the belief in Allah and His Messenger, the prayer is the best deed. Allah made five prayers obligatory upon every pubescent, sane Muslim within the night and day. One has to be keen to perform them. Also, one must learn how the time of each prayer begins and how it ends. The Noon Prayer (Dhuhr) begins when the sun declines westward from the middle of the sky. It ends when the shadow of an object becomes equal to the length of that object, plus the length of its shadow, when the sun has reached its zenith. The object may be a straight wooden stick...

Acts of Worship 1/3 – Grade 5

Lesson 1 The Islamic Judgment Concerning the Actions of the Accountable     The Islamic Judgments are divided into seven types: The obligatory, recommended, prohibited, disliked, permissible, valid, and invalid. The obligatory judgment is that which the doer will receive the reward for, and the neglector of which deserves punishment. This, in turn, is divided into two subdivisions: the personal obligation and the communal obligation. The Personal Obligation is what is obligatory upon every accountable person, like the five prayers. The Communal Obligation is also an obligation. If some perform it, then others would be relieved from it. Examples are: the congregational prayer, memorizing the entire book of the Qur’an, and working in the beneficial...

Acts of Worship 2/2 – Grade 4

Lesson 18 Fasting the Blessed Month of Ramadan     Allah said in Suratul Baqarah, Ayah 185, what means: “The month of Ramadan is the month in which the Qur’an with all the clear guidance it contains was sent down in full (from the guarded tablet to the first sky, and then to the Prophet little by little). So whoever among you is alive in the month of Ramadan must fast it.” Fasting is a great act of worship that Allah ordained on Muslims to do in the month of Ramadan of every year. Fasting Ramadan will be rewarded greatly by Allah, the Exalted. Fasting is refraining from eating and drinking and all other things that may invalidate the fast in the time between dawn and sunset. The intention to fast has to be made before dawn. One says in the heart, “I...

Acts of Worship 1/2 – Grade 4

Lesson 1 Types of Water     Water is divided into three types. They are: –         Pure and purifying water; –         Pure but not purifying water; and –         Najas-filthy water Regarding pure and purifying water, it is the absolute water; that is, pure in itself and purifying when it is used in purificatory bathing, wudu’, and ridding of najas-filth. Examples of such water are rain, ocean, river, well and spring waters. On the other, pure but not purifying water is used water. It consists of two types: the water that has been used for lifting off a major impurity or a minor one, and water that has been used for the ridding of najas-filth, but none of whose properties—color, taste, smell, etc.—have changed. This water is still pure...

Chapter of Belief – Grade 4

Lesson 1 The Two Testifications of Faith     The Two Testifications of Faith are: “Ash-hadu alla ilaha illallah, wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadar-rasulullah, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam.” It is obligatory upon one when embracing Islam to utter these Two Testifications of Faith immediately, believing in their meaning, with the intention to become Muslim. “Ash-hadu alla ilaha illallah” means “I know, believe in my heart, and declare with my tongue that nothing deserves to be worshipped except Allah. That is, no one deserves my ultimate submission and humbleness except Allah, the Exalted.” “Ash-hadu anna Muhammadar-rasulullah, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam,” means: “I know, believe in my heart, and declare with my tongue that our Master Muhammad, who is the son...