Humbling Oneself to Muslims-Grade 3

Humbling Oneself to Muslims           Imam Ahmad related that the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said what means: “The one who has in his heart arrogance that weighs as much as an atom will not be admitted to Paradise with the first batch].” Islam dispraises arrogance and arrogant people. The arrogant is the one who disdains others and believes oneself superior to them. He is also the one who rejects the truth said by someone, knowing that this person is saying the truth. The arrogant may do that because the one saying the truth is young, poor, weak, or the like. Imam Muslim related that the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said what means: “Arrogance is rejecting the truth said by one and looking down on people.” In other words, one does not accept...

Good Relations with Relatives-Grade 3

Maintaining Good Relations with Relatives           Islam has urged us to visit our relatives, whether they are the relative of the father or the mother. Those are called arham—the kin. Maintaining good relations with relatives refers to visiting, helping, and being generous to one’s relatives. The person who severs these relations deserves the torture of Allah. The Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said what means: “The one who severs the obligatory ties of kinship does not deserve admittance to Paradise without torture.” This was related by al-Bukhariyy. This hadith means that the one who severs the obligatory ties of kinship will not be admitted to Paradise with the first batch of Muslims. That is so, if he dies as a Muslim. This person deserves to be...

Showing Kindness to Your Parents-Grade 3

Showing Kindness to Your Parents           Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayahs 23-24 of Suratul-Isra’, what means: “Allah firmly ordered: Do not worship anyone other than Him. Be greatly benevolent to your parents whether one or both of them attain old age while living with or supported by you. Do not speak harshly to them or treat them with an annoyed attitude. Instead, speak to them with humble kindness and mercy. Make supplication to Allah and say: ‘O Allah bestow upon them Your Mercy, they have shown me mercy when they did bring me up when I was small.’” One right of the Muslim parents on their Muslim children is for the children to treat them with goodness, to support them financially if they need their support (and they are able), be generous to them and not...

Sincerity and Insincerity-Grade 3

Sincerity and Insincerity           Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 110 of Suratul-Kahf, what means: “Let those who believe in the Day of Judgment do the obedience which Allah accepts, and refrain from falling into insincerity when doing the worship.” Al-Bukhariyy and Muslim related that the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said what means: “Good deeds are rewardable only when they are done with good intentions.” In other words, good deeds have to have a correct and sincere intention. One’s intention has to be seeking the reward of Allah only so that the deed may be accepted by Allah. Insincerity, also known as ar-Riya’, is haram. It is to perform the good deeds seeking praise of the people. For example, when a Muslim prays so that people say about him,...

Lying-Grade 3

Lying           Ibn Majah related that the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said what means: “Beware of lying, because lying leads one to commit enormous sins, and committing enormous sins leads to Hellfire.” Lying is to say on purpose what is different from the truth. Lying is haram whether or not one is joking. In a Hadith related by al-Bayhaqiyy, the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said what means: “Lying is not virtuous seriously or jokingly.” It is incumbent upon the Muslim to refrain from this sin so that one is not devastated. The Muslim speaks the truth because speaking the truth is a trait of the righteous Muslims. Sometimes lying may inflict harm on the Muslims. In this case, it is an enormous sin. Some people name a lie, like an April...

The Tongue-Grade 3

The Tongue           At-Tabaraniyy related that one of the companions addressed his tongue and said: “O tongue, say good and you will win. Be silent of uttering evil and you will be safe before you regret it. I heard the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, saying: ‘Most of the sins of the offspring of Adam are from their tongues.’” The tongue is one of the blessings with which Allah endowed the humanity. In spite of its small size, the tongue can cause one’s admittance into Hellfire. We should use the tongue in the ways of goodness, like mentioning the name of Allah, ta^ala, and reciting the Qur’an. One should use it in saying the truth, ordering what is good, forbidding what is evil, and in carrying on all what brings benefit and goodness to the...

Manners of the Prophet-Grade 3

Some of the Manners of the Prophet In describing His Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, Allah, ta^ala said, in Ayah 4 of Suratul-Qalam, what means: “Verily, your manners are distinguished and great.” Al-Bukhariyy related that when Lady ^A’ishah, may Allah raise her rank, was asked about the Prophet’s manners, she said what means: “His manners were all what the Qur’an ordered to do.” Allah gave our Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, the beautiful and great manners which made him notable among his people, who recognized him as the Truthful and Trustworthy long before he received the Revelation. He was described with clemency, patience and courage. Al-Bayhaqiyy related that Ibn ^Umar, may Allah raise his rank, said: “I have never seen someone more...

Hajj-Grade 3

Hajj           Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 97 of Al ^Imran, what means that Allah made it an obligation, on the capable person, to make Hajj to Makkah, where the Ka^bah is located. Hajj is one of the most important matters of Islam. The person who has the capability to perform it has to perform it once in one’s lifetime. Hajj has six integrals and it is not valid without one completing all of them.  1.The first is Ihram, which is the intention to perform Hajj;  2.The second is to be at ^Arafah at a specific time;  3.The third is to go around the Ka^bah seven times in due time, observing its required conditions;  4.The fourth is walking between Safa and Marwah seven times;  5.The fifth is removing the hair by shaving or trimming; in other words, the man...

Zakah-Grade 3

Zakah           Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 43 of Suratul-Baqarah, what means: “Perform the prayer and fulfill Zakah.” Zakah is one of the most important matters of Islam. Allah obligated the financially sound Muslims to pay a specific amount of their money to specific categories of people, determined by Islamic Law. Among those people who may receive Zakah are the poor Muslims. The poor Muslims are those who cannot fulfill all their basic needs. Zakah is due on items such as: –         Camels, cattle, sheep and goats;   –         Gold and silver;   –         Staple crops, like wheat and rice; and   –         Trade articles. The Zakah of Fitr is also an obligation to fulfill. It is paid after the month of Ramadan...

Fasting Ramadan-Grade 3

Fasting Ramadan           Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 183 of Suratul-Baqarah, what means: “O believers, fasting (Ramadan) is ordained upon you as it was ordained (obligatory) upon the (Muslims) before you to earn piety.” Fasting is to abstain from eating, drinking and other things that break fasting from dawn to sunset with an intention made during the night before. For example, one says in his heart: “I intend to fast tomorrow to fulfill the obligatory fast of Ramadan this year, seeking the reward of Allah.” Some of the invalidators of fasting are: –         Intentionally eating or drinking while remembering that one is fasting, even if it was little. However, the fasting of one who eats or drinks while forgetting is not invalidated;  ...

The Friday Prayer-Grade 3

The Friday Prayer     Allah made fulfilling the Friday prayer an obligation on every Muslim who is male, free, pubescent, sane, residing, and unexcused. The woman, slave person, boy, insane, traveler, and the one who has a valid excuse are not obligated to pray the Friday prayer. The valid excuse is like when the Muslim is so sick that it is intolerable for him to go to the masjid while in this state. The Friday prayer is composed of two rak^ahs. In the Friday prayer one must observe: –         Praying the two rak^ahs after the time of Dhuhr has set in, and after the conclusion of the two speeches;   –         Forty men have to pray the two rak^ahs in congregation; It must also be noted the one who misses the Friday prayer prays Dhuhr,...

Congregational Prayer-Grade 3

Congregational Prayer           Imam Muslim related that the Prophet, sallalahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said what means: One’s reward for praying in congregation is better by twenty-seven times than that of his prayer by himself.” Congregational prayer is a communal obligation. In other words, it is not obligatory upon each Muslim to pray in congregation; rather some Muslims are obligated to perform the congregational prayer for each of the five obligatory prayers. The one who wishes to pray in congregation needs to follow certain rules. One must be standing behind the imam, and must not say the opening “Allahu Akbar” except after the imam completes saying his opening “Allahu Akbar” in full. One also intends to pray in congregation. He says in his heart, for example:...

Invalidators of Prayer-Grade 3

Invalidators of Prayer           The prayer of the Muslim is invalidated if he does matters which render the prayer invalid. Such matters include: –         Speaking intentionally, and not while forgetting that one is performing prayer, what is considered normal speech. However, if one forgets and utters a few statements, one’s prayer is not invalidated;   –         Eating and drinking even a little amount, unless one forgets and it is little, also invalidates the prayer;   –         Performing three consecutive movements;   –         Jumping an excessive jump or moving one’s hand or eye, for example, with the intention of playing;   –         Adding an extra integral which involves action, such as to perform...

The Integrals of Prayer-Grade 3

The Integrals of Prayer           Prayer contains integrals and recommended matters. The integrals are the parts of the prayer that, if left out, the prayer would be invalid. However, the prayer is valid without one performing the recommended matters. The person who does not perform the recommended matters will lose the reward that otherwise one acquires for performing it. The integrals of the prayer are seventeen they are: 1.Having the intention in the heart; 2.Saying the opening Allahu Akbar at the beginning of prayer; this is also called the opening takbirah; 3.Standing for the obligatory prayer when able; 4.Reciting the Fatihah, starting with “Bismillah” and articulating the letters properly; 5.To perform ruku^, by bowing until one’s palms could reach one’s...

The Conditions for a Valid Prayer-Grade 3

The Conditions for a Valid Prayer   Before performing the prayer, the person who is praying has to fulfill the conditions for the validity of the prayer so that one’s prayer is correct. Among these conditions are: Being a Muslim. The blasphemer’s prayer is not valid. One must also be on wudu’. The person who is praying has to have wudu’ or else the prayer is not valid. One must be in a state of taharah; in other words, to be clear from the najas-filth that is not overlooked. One has to be clear of such filthiness in the body, clothing, place of prayer and what one carries while praying, such as a tissue contaminated with najas-filth in one’s pocket. To cover the unlawful nakedness: The male covers the area between the navel and the knees. The woman covers...

The Obligatory Prayers-Grade 3

The Obligatory Prayers and Their Times The prayer is the best of the deeds after believing in Allah and His Messenger. Every accountable Muslim has to fulfill the prayers on time and learn when the time of each prayer sets in and ends. The prayers that are obligatory for every day and night are five. The Noon prayer, adh-Dhuhr, is four rak^ahs, or cycles. Its time begins when the sun has declined westward from the middle of the sky. It remains until the length of the shadow of an object becomes equal to that of the object, in addition to the length of the shadow cast by that object when the sun was at its zenith. The Mid-afternoon Prayer, al-^Asr, is also four rak^ahs. Its time begins after Dhuhr ends, and remains until sunset. The Sunset Prayer, al-Maghrib, is...

The Adhan and the Iqamah-Grade 3

The Adhan and the Iqamah   When the time of the prayer sets in, it is sunnah to call adhan. To call adhan, one of the Muslims calls with a loud voice for the performance of prayer by saying specific statements in the mosque or outside of it. The meaning of the adhan is: “Allah is greater (in status) than any great one (twice) I bear witness that no one is God except Allah (twice) I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah (twice) Come to the prayer (twice) Come to success and guidance (twice) Allah is greater than any great one (twice) No one is God except Allah.” (once) For the adhan of the Dawn Prayer, it is sunnah for the caller, after the second “Come to success and guidance” phrase, to say, “Prayer is better than sleeping,” twice. After the...

Istinja’-Grade 3

Istinja’           Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 222 of Suratul-Baqarah what means that Allah loves those who repent and those who fulfill purification. If someone released any moist feces or urine and did not perform istinja’, then made wudu’, and prayed, then one’s prayer is not valid. It is an obligation to perform istinja’; in other words, removing the najas-filth after the emission of the wet najas-filth, such as urine and feces, from one of the eliminatory outlets. When performing istinja’ from feces, it is enough for one to pour, with the right hand, pure water on the place of the najas-filth. One would meanwhile rub the exit with the left hand until the place becomes tahir—in other words, pure. To perform istinja’ from urine, one would just pour water...

The Invalidators of Wudu’-Grade 3

The Invalidators of Wudu’           Among the invalidators of the ablution are: –         Emitting urine, feces, or gas;   –         Sleeping on the stomach, back, right, or left side;   –         Touching the part from which the urine exits or the anus with the inner part of the bare hand without a barrier;   –         Becoming insane and/or losing consciousness. The person whose wudu’ is invalidated is not permitted to pray unless one performs wudu’ again.   Some of the things which are disliked when making wudu include: –         Repeating an act of wudu’ more than three times when washing or wet wiping;   –         Saying a non-beneficial statement while making the wudu’;   –         To...

Ablution (Wudu’)-Grade 3

Ablution (Wudu’)           Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 6 of Suratul-Ma’idah, what means: “O believers, when you are ready to pray, you must wash your faces, hands and forearms including the elbows, wet wipe your heads, and wash your feet up to and including the ankles.” The integrals of ablution (wudu’) are six.  1.The first is having the intention in the heart when washing the face. One says in his heart: “I intend to perform wudu’ (ablution)” or any equivalent intention;  2.The second integral is washing the face from the normal hairline to the chin and from one ear to the other ear;  3.The third integral is washing the hands and the forearms up to and including the elbows;  4.The fourth is wet-wiping the head or part of it;  5.The fifth is washing the...

Believing in the Qadr-Grade 3

Believing in the Qadr           Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 49 of Suratul-Qamar, what means that Allah creates everything according to His Will and in its order according to His Wisdom. Allah is the One who creates all the creations. Some of these creations are beautiful and some ugly, some sweet and some bitter, some good and some evil. Allah is the Creator of the human beings. Allah is also the Creator of the human beings’ deeds, whether good or evil. The good deeds are created by Allah and accepted by Him; in other words, they are blessed by Allah and Allah loves them. However, the evil deeds are not accepted by Allah; in other words, Allah does not bless them and He does not love them. Whatever happens in this world, whether good or evil, happens by the...

The Day of Judgment-Grade 3

The Day of Judgment           The Day of Judgment is the Day of Qiyamah. It starts from the time when the people come out of their graves after our master Israfil blows the Horn. Allah will recreate the bodies that have decayed. These bodies will be as they were before. Allah will also put the souls back into these bodies. They will then be gathered for Judgment on a land looking different than this land. This replaced land has no mountains and no seas, and it is called the changed earth. The deeds will be weighed in the Balance. The Balance has two pans: one pan for the good deeds, and one pan for the bad deeds. The blasphemer will not have any good deeds to weigh. Allah will admit the God-fearing believers into Paradise without torture. The sinful believers,...

The Divine Books-Grade 3

The Divine Books           Allah, ta^ala, revealed Divine Books to some of His messengers to guide the people and instruct them in what is good for them, and to what will bring them happiness in the Hereafter. There are many Divine Books, but the most famous are the following four books:  1.The Zabur that was revealed to our Master Dawud, peace be upon him;  2.The original Tawrah (Torah) that was revealed to our Master Musa, peace be upon him, in Hebrew;  3.The original Injil (Bible) that was revealed to our Master ^Isa, peace be upon him, in Syriac;  4.The Qur’an that was revealed to our Master Muhammad, peace be upon him, in Arabic. There is a du^a’ that one says, and it means: “O Allah, do not misguide our hearts after You granted us guidance, and grant us...

The Honorable Angels-Grade 3

The Honorable Angels           Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 6 of Surat at-Tahrim, about the angels, what means that the angels do not disobey Allah and they fulfill what Allah orders them to do. The angels are bodies made out of light; Allah created them from light. They are neither males nor females; they don’t drink, eat, or sleep. They obey Allah and fulfill what Allah orders them to do. All the angels believe in Allah and are all pious and righteous. The angels are more numerous than the humans; they live in the sky and they are responsible for doing different tasks. Some of the heads of the angels are Jibril, Mika’il, Israfil and ^Azra’il. Our Master Jibril is the highest-ranking angel. Among his tasks is to convey the Revelation to the prophets. Our...

Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah-Grade 3

Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah           Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 107 of Suratul-Anbiya’, what means that Allah sent Muhammad, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, as a mercy to humans and jinn. Allah sent our messenger Muhammad to all people to call them to believe in Allah, to worship Allah only and not to associate any partners with Allah. Prophet Muhammad called them to stop worshipping the idols that neither can create benefit nor harm. Prophet Muhammad was sent to guide the people out of the darkness of blasphemy into the light of Belief. The Prophet ordered the people to testify that no one is God but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. He ordered them to fulfill the obligations and to avoid the sins. The Prophet told the people that whoever...

The Attributes of the Prophets-Grade 3

The Attributes of the Prophets           Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 86 of Suratul-An^am, what means: “Allah favors every prophet over all humans, jinn, and angels.” Allah created the prophets and made them the best of the creations. They are better than the angels and all other human beings. Allah specified the prophets with the good manners and the best of attributes. They do not lie, cheat, steal, drink alcohol, or commit blasphemy. The prophets, from Adam to Muhammad, may Allah raise their rank, are the most beautiful creations of Allah. The Muslim does not believe that the origin of the human being was an ape. This is so because our master Adam, may Allah raise his rank, is the first human being. He had a beautiful form. His face and voice were nice....

The Prophets-Grade 3

The Prophets           Imam Malik and at-Tirmidhiyy related that the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said what means: “The best of what I, and the Prophets before me, said: No one is God except Allah.” Allah sent the Messengers and Prophets to convey the essentials of belief and the true Religion, Islam. Islam is the religion that Allah ordered us to follow and no religion is true except it. All the prophets followed the religion of Islam. All the Prophets worshipped Allah. They never in their life worshipped an idol, the sun, or a star. All of them, may Allah raise their rank, from Adam to Muhammad, worshipped Allah. All the Prophets said: “La ilaha illallah”—No One is God except Allah. There is a du^a’ which means:  “O Allah, make us die as true...

The Best Deeds-Grade 3

The Best Deeds Al-Bukhariyy related that the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said what means: “The best deed is the correct belief in Allah and His Messenger.” The one who does not believe in Allah and His Messenger is not a Muslim, but is a blasphemer. Allah has prepared for such a person painful torture in Hellfire. The deeds of the blasphemer are not accepted by Allah. If a blasphemer pays some of his money to the poor or needy people, or provides help to the orphans and widows, Allah will not reward him for these doings on the Day of Judgment. This is so because Allah does not accept all the good deeds that one does unless one has the correct belief. For example, when the person performs the prayer, fasting, Hajj or Zakah, these deeds are...

Allah is One without a Partner-Grade 3

Allah is One without a Partner           Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 199 of Surat Muhammad, what means: “O Muhammad, know (be steadfast on the belief) that no one is God except Allah.” Allah is certainly attributed with Oneness. He is One without a partner to Him. He exists and there is no doubt in His Existence. He exists without a beginning and without an ending. He is the Only One Who deserves to be worshipped and anything other than Him does not deserve to be worshipped. Allah does not need any of the creations and all the creations need Allah. In reality, no one other than Allah is the Creator of this world. In reality, no one other than Allah provides sustenance. No one other than Allah is God. Allah is attributed with the Attributes of perfection...

Islam-Grade 3

Islam Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 85 of Surat Al ^Imran, what means that if one selects a religion other than Islam it will not be accepted from him. Islam is the only religion that Allah accepts from His slaves. It is the religion that Allah has ordered us to follow. Al-Bukhariyy and Muslim related that the Prophet of Allah, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said that the most important matters of Islam are five: Bearing witness that no one is God except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; Performing the prayer; Paying Zakah; Going to Makkah for Hajj; and Fasting Ramadan   Islam and iman, the correct belief, are inseparable. Imam Abu Hanifah said, “A person’s iman does not exist without Islam and a person’s Islam does not exist without iman;...

Belief in Allah and His Messenger-Grade 3

The Belief in Allah and His Messenger Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 15 of Suratul-Hujurat, what means: “The believers are those who believe in Allah and His Messenger, without any doubt.” Iman is having the correct belief in Allah and His Messengers without any doubt. It is an obligation to believe that Allah existed eternally before all things, that no one deserves to be worshipped except Allah, and that Allah is the Creator of all existing things. Allah is attributed with the perfect Attributes that befit Him. Surely, Allah is clear of any attribute of imperfection. He created all places, so He does not need them. Allah exists without a place. Allah sent messengers and prophets to guide the people. The first of the Messengers is Adam, may Allah raise his...

Islamic Manners – Grade 3

Lesson 1 Some of the Manners of the Prophet In describing His Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, Allah, ta^ala said, in Ayah 4 of Suratul-Qalam, what means: “Verily, your manners are distinguished and great.” Al-Bukhariyy related that when Lady ^A’ishah, may Allah raise her rank, was asked about the Prophet’s manners, she said what means: “His manners were all what the Qur’an ordered to do.” Allah gave our Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, the beautiful and great manners which made him notable among his people, who recognized him as the Truthful and Trustworthy long before he received the Revelation. He was described with clemency, patience and courage. Al-Bayhaqiyy related that Ibn ^Umar, may Allah raise his rank, said: “I have never seen someone more...

Acts of Worship – Grade 3

Lesson 1 Ablution (Wudu’)           Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 6 of Suratul-Ma’idah, what means: “O believers, when you are ready to pray, you must wash your faces, hands and forearms including the elbows, wet wipe your heads, and wash your feet up to and including the ankles.” The integrals of ablution (wudu’) are six. The first is having the intention in the heart when washing the face. One says in his heart: “I intend to perform wudu’ (ablution)” or any equivalent intention;   The second integral is washing the face from the normal hairline to the chin and from one ear to the other ear;   The third integral is washing the hands and the forearms up to and including the elbows;   The fourth is wet-wiping the head or part of it;   The...

Chapter of Belief – Grade 3

Lesson 1 The Belief in Allah and His Messenger Allah said in the Qur’an, in Ayah 15 of Suratul-Hujurat, what means: “The believers are those who believe in Allah and His Messenger, without any doubt.” Iman is having the correct belief in Allah and His Messengers without any doubt. It is an obligation to believe that Allah existed eternally before all things, that no one deserves to be worshipped except Allah, and that Allah is the Creator of all existing things. Allah is attributed with the perfect Attributes that befit Him. Surely, Allah is clear of any attribute of imperfection. He created all places, so He does not need them. Allah exists without a place. Allah          sent messengers and prophets to guide the people. The first of the Messengers is Adam, may...